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인간 유전체 연구 관련 국제 특허성 연구(Ⅰ): 유전자 단편, 유전자 진단, 체세포 유전자 치료를 중심으로

Other Titles
 Patentability on Human Genome Researches(I) : Gene Segment, Genetic Diagnosis, and Somatic Gene Therapy 
Authors
 김소윤  ;  김수민  ;  김한나 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Medicine and Law (한국의료법학회지), Vol.24(2) : 141-166, 2016 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Medicine and Law (한국의료법학회지) 
ISSN
 1598-9178 
Issue Date
2016
Keywords
gene segment ; genetic diagnosis ; somatic gene therapy ; patentability ; human genome research
Abstract
This article aims to examine international trend related patentability of human genome researches focusing on gene segment, genetic diagnosis, and somatic gene therapy, and then review the research results. Recently in biotechnology area the patentability of gene segment arouse controversy. Previously patentability of gene segment was rightly acknowledged but with the development of biotechnology, leading by U.S., the gene segment turned out unpatentable, and it affects internationally. To examine this tendency more in-depth, first of all this article introduce the recent research trend of gene segment, genetic diagnosis, and somatic gene therapy. Then researchers investigate each country’s trend of patent system in human genome researches and review the result of analysis. Consequently, each country has slightly different standards in patentability on human gaenome researches. First, the patentability of gene segment’s meaning will be faded by affected the development of biotechnology and sharing international gene database, so our system’s improvement is needed. Second, in case of genetic diagnosis, in U.S., the medical practice is patentable so as to genetic diagnosis, but most countries accept the patentability of genetic diagnosis in the point of in vitro medical devices or non-medical practices, and it is same as in our patent system. Third, every research subject countries classify somatic gene therapy as medicine, therefore it is patentable like existing medicine.
Full Text
http://www.dbpia.co.kr/Journal/ArticleDetail/NODE07101590
DOI
10.17215/kaml.2016.12.24.2.141
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical Law and Bioethics (의료법윤리학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, So Yoon(김소윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7015-357X
Kim, Han Nah(김한나)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/153086
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