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Effect of working hours and precarious employment on depressive symptoms in South Korean employees: a longitudinal study

Authors
 Woorim Kim  ;  Eun-Cheol Park  ;  Tae-Hoon Lee  ;  Tae Hyun Kim 
Citation
 OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE, Vol.73(12) : 816-822, 2016 
Journal Title
 OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE 
ISSN
 1351-0711 
Issue Date
2016
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Long working hours and precarious employment are relatively common in South Korea. Since both can impact on mental health, this study examined their independent and combined effects on depressive symptoms of employees. METHODS: Data were from the Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS), 2010-2013. A total of 2733 full-time employees without depressive symptoms were analysed. Hierarchical logistic regression models were used to investigate the effect of the number of working hours per week (eg, 35-40?hours, 41-52?hours, 53-68?hours, and >68?hours) and employment status (permanent vs precarious employment) on depressive symptoms, measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) 11 scale. RESULTS: Compared with individuals working 35-40?hours/week, employees working above 68?hours (OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.34) had higher odds of depressive symptoms after full adjustment. Similarly, precarious employees (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.75) showed worse mental health than permanent employees. In the combined effect model, employees in precarious employment who worked above 68?hours/week (OR, 2.03 95% CI 1.08 to 3.83) exhibited the highest odds of depressive symptoms compared with permanent employees working 35 to 40?hours/week. CONCLUSIONS: Long work hours and precarious employment status were associated with higher odds of depressive symptoms. The findings highlight the importance of monitoring and addressing the vulnerable groups of employees to reduce the mental health burden of economically active individuals.
Full Text
http://oem.bmj.com/content/73/12/816.long
DOI
10.1136/oemed-2016-103553
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Tae Hyun(김태현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1053-8958
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/152666
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