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A Six-Year Study on the Changes in Airborne Pollen Counts and Skin Positivity Rates in Korea: 2008-2013

Authors
 Hye Jung Park  ;  Jae-Hyun Lee  ;  Kyung Hee Park  ;  Kyu Rang Kim  ;  Mae Ja Han  ;  Hosoeng Choe  ;  Jae-Won Oh  ;  Chein-Soo Hong 
Citation
 Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.57(3) : 714-720, 2016 
Journal Title
 Yonsei Medical Journal 
ISSN
 0513-5796 
Issue Date
2016
Abstract
PURPOSE: The occurrence of pollen allergy is subject to exposure to pollen, which shows regional and temporal variations. We evaluated the changes in pollen counts and skin positivity rates for 6 years, and explored the correlation between their annual rates of change. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed the number of pollen grains collected in Seoul, and retrospectively reviewed the results of 4442 skin-prick tests conducted at the Severance Hospital Allergy-Asthma Clinic from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2013. RESULTS: For 6 years, the mean monthly total pollen count showed two peaks, one in May and the other in September. Pollen count for grasses also showed the same trend. The pollen counts for trees, grasses, and weeds changed annually, but the changes were not significant. The annual skin positivity rates in response to pollen from grasses and weeds increased significantly over the 6 years. Among trees, the skin positivity rates in response to pollen from walnut, popular, elm, and alder significantly increased over the 6 years. Further, there was a significant correlation between the annual rate of change in pollen count and the rate of change in skin positivity rate for oak and hop Japanese. CONCLUSION: The pollen counts and skin positivity rates should be monitored, as they have changed annually. Oak and hop Japanese, which showed a significant correlation with the annual rate of change in pollen count and the rate of change in skin positivity rate over the 6 years may be considered the major allergens in Korea.
Files in This Item:
T201605024.pdf Download
DOI
10.3349/ymj.2016.57.3.714
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
박경희(Park, Kyung Hee) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3605-5364
박혜정(Park, Hye Jung) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1862-1003
이재현(Lee, Jae Hyun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0760-0071
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/152658
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