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Quantitative model for the blood pressure-lowering interaction of valsartan and amlodipine

 Young-A Heo  ;  Nick Holford  ;  Yukyung Kim  ;  Mijeong Son  ;  Kyungsoo Park 
 British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Vol.82(6) : 1557-1567, 2016 
Journal Title
 British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 
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AIMS: The objective of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) model to quantitatively describe the antihypertensive effect of combined therapy with amlodipine and valsartan. METHODS: PK modelling was used with data collected from 48 healthy volunteers receiving a single dose of combined formulation of 10 mg amlodipine and 160 mg valsartan. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were recorded during combined administration. SBP and DBP data for each drug alone were gathered from the literature. PKPD models of each drug and for combined administration were built with NONMEM 7.3. RESULTS: A two-compartment model with zero order absorption best described the PK data of both drugs. Amlodipine and valsartan monotherapy effects on SBP and DBP were best described by an Imax model with an effect compartment delay. Combined therapy was described using a proportional interaction term as follows: (D1 + D2 ) +ALPHA×(D1 × D2 ). D1 and D2 are the predicted drug effects of amlodipine and valsartan monotherapy respectively. ALPHA is the interaction term for combined therapy. Quantitative estimates of ALPHA were -0.171 (95% CI: -0.218, -0.143) for SBP and -0.0312 (95% CI: -0.07739, -0.00283) for DBP. These infra-additive interaction terms for both SBP and DBP were consistent with literature results for combined administration of drugs in these classes. CONCLUSION: PKPD models for SBP and DBP successfully described the time course of the antihypertensive effects of amlodipine and valsartan. An infra-additive interaction between amlodipine and valsartan when used in combined administration was confirmed and quantified.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pharmacology (약리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
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박경수(Park, Kyungsoo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6972-1143
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