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Association Between Duration of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy and Angiographic Multivessel Disease on Outcomes in Patients Treated With Newer-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents

 Seung-Yul Lee  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong  ;  Dong-Ho Shin  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Yangsoo Jang  ;  Hyo-Soo Kim  ;  Marco Valgimigli  ;  Antonio Colombo  ;  Martine Gilard  ;  Tullio Palmerini  ;  Gregg W. Stone 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Coronary Angiography* ; Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging ; Coronary Artery Disease/mortality ; Coronary Artery Disease/therapy* ; Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging* ; Drug Administration Schedule ; Drug Therapy, Combination ; Drug-Eluting Stents* ; Female ; Hemorrhage/chemically induced ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Myocardial Infarction/etiology ; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects ; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/instrumentation* ; Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/mortality ; Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/administration & dosage* ; Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/adverse effects ; Predictive Value of Tests ; Prosthesis Design ; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic ; Risk Assessment ; Risk Factors ; Stroke/etiology ; Time Factors ; Treatment Outcome
antiplatelet drugs ; coronary artery disease ; drug-eluting stent
BACKGROUND: There is general agreement that the optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients treated with drug-eluting stents should be individualized. We hypothesized that the extent of coronary artery disease may affect the clinical outcomes of DAPT. METHODS AND RESULTS: We pooled patient-level data from 5 large, randomized trials comparing short-term DAPT with prolonged therapy. From the data, we identified 5476 patients who received newer-generation drug-eluting stents. Net adverse clinical event (NACE) was defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, or major bleeding. At 1 year, NACE had occurred in 171 patients (3.1%). Independent predictors of NACE were older age (>65 years), sex, presence of diabetes mellitus, left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction <40%), and angiographic multivessel disease. Multivessel disease and DAPT duration were significantly associated with NACE (P for interaction=0.002); the association was driven by the greater occurrence of myocardial infarction in patients with multivessel disease. In patients with multivessel disease, 6-month DAPT (versus 12-month DAPT) was associated with a higher incidence of myocardial infarction (adjusted hazard ratio=2.748; 95% confidence interval=1.375-5.491; P=0.004), compared with patients with single-vessel disease (P for interaction=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients treated with newer-generation drug-eluting stents, a significant interaction between DAPT strategy and multivessel disease was found regarding the occurrence of NACE at 1 year. Among adverse events, myocardial infarction was more frequent in 6-month DAPT than in 12-month DAPT in patients with multivessel disease.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Shin, Dong Ho(신동호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7874-5542
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
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