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Application of Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry to Screen the Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing ST131 Escherichia coli Strains

Other Titles
 말디토프 질량분석법을 이용한 Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase 생성 ST131 Escherichia coli의 선별 
 Young Ah Kim  ;  Dongeun Yong  ;  Yong Ha In  ;  Hyung Soon Park  ;  Kyungwon Lee 
 Annals of Clinical Microbiology, Vol.19(3) : 65-69, 2016 
Journal Title
 Annals of Clinical Microbiology 
Issue Date
Escherichia coli ; Extended-spectrum βlactamase ; Matrix-assisted laser desorption ; ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry ; Sequence type 131 ; Serogroup O16 ; Serogroup O25b
Background : Sequence type 131 (ST131) O25b serogroup Escherichia coli, producing CTX-M type extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL), is a major clone involved in worldwide pandemic spread in both community- and healthcare-associated infections. Recently, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has become a routine tool for the identification of bacteria in many laboratories. This study aimed to assess the performance of MALDI-TOF MS for the screening of ESBL-producing E. coli ST131 in a rapid, inexpensive, and simple way. Methods : A total 26 clinical E. coli, isolated from blood between 2013 and 2014, were used. The characteristics are ST131-O25b ESBL producers (n=6), ST131-O16 ESBL producers (n=4), non-ST131 ESBL producers (n=11), and non-ST131 non-ESBL producers (n=5). Specific biomarker peaks to distinguish the ST131 clonal group from others were investigated by MicroIDSys (ASTA, South Korea) and ASTA Tinkerbell 2.0 software. Results : A peak at 9,713 m/z peak is useful to screen for ST131 E. coli, regardless of serogroup O25 or O16, showing a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 56.2%, positive predictive value of 58.8%, and negative predictive value of 100% when using a relative intensity cutoff of 15%. Conclusion : We can screen for ST131 E. coli using MicroIDSys (ASTA), MALDI-TOF MS in a rapid, inexpensive, and simple way. However, other confirmatory tests are needed to confirm ST131 E. coli due to the low specificity of this method.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
용동은(Yong, Dong Eun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1225-8477
이경원(Lee, Kyungwon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3788-2134
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