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A meta-analysis of the effects of non-traditional teaching methods on the critical thinking abilities of nursing students

 JuHee Lee  ;  Yoonju Lee  ;  SaeLom Gong  ;  Juyeon Bae  ;  Moonki Choi 
 BMC MEDICAL EDUCATION, Vol.16(1) : 240, 2016 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Clinical Competence* ; Clinical Decision-Making* ; Curriculum ; Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate/methods* ; Humans ; Judgment ; Students, Nursing/psychology* ; Teaching*
Critical thinking ; Education ; Meta-analysis
BACKGROUND: Scientific framework is important in designing curricula and evaluating students in the field of education and clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of non-traditional educational methods on critical thinking skills. METHODS: A systematic review approach was applied. Studies published in peer-reviewed journals from January 2001 to December 2014 were searched using electronic databases and major education journals. A meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.2. Reviewing the included studies, the California Critical Thinking Dispositions Inventory (CCTDI) and California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST) were used to assess the effectiveness of critical thinking in the meta-analysis. RESULTS: The eight CCTDI datasets showed that non- traditional teaching methods (i.e., no lectures) were more effective compared to control groups (standardized mean difference [SMD]: 0.42, 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 0.26-0.57, p?<?.00001). And six CCTST datasets showed the teaching and learning methods in these studies were also had significantly more effects when compared to the control groups (SMD: 0.29, 95 % CI: 0.10-0.48, p?=?0.003). CONCLUSIONS: This research showed that new teaching and learning methods designed to improve critical thinking were generally effective at enhancing critical thinking dispositions.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Gong, SaeLom(공새롬)
Lee, JuHee(이주희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2805-1622
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