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Outcomes of Fontan conversion for failing Fontan circulation: mid-term results

 Han Ki Park  ;  Hong Ju Shin  ;  Young Hwan Park 
 Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Vol.23(1) : 14-17, 2016 
Journal Title
 Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Adult ; Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology ; Arrhythmias, Cardiac/surgery ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Female ; Fontan Procedure/adverse effects* ; Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery* ; Humans ; Male ; Postoperative Complications/epidemiology ; Postoperative Complications/surgery ; Pulmonary Artery/surgery ; Quality of Life ; Reoperation ; Retrospective Studies ; Shock/etiology ; Shock/physiopathology ; Shock/surgery* ; Survival Rate ; Treatment Outcome ; Young Adult
Fontan operation
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the results of a revision of a previous Fontan connection to total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) in patients with failing Fontan circulation. METHODS: From July 1998 to April 2013, 21 patients who had failing Fontan circulation underwent revision of the previous Fontan operation to TCPC. The median age at TCPC conversion was 17.9 years (range, 4.6-38.1 years) and the median interval between initial Fontan operation and TCPC was 13.8 years (range, 2.1-25.4 years). There were 37 indications for Fontan revision in 21 patients. The indications were huge right atrium (n = 15), atrial arrhythmia (n = 8), intra-atrial thrombi (n = 6), protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) (n = 3) and more than mild atrioventricular valve regurgitation (n = 5). The previous Fontan operation was revised to extracardiac conduit replacement (n = 20) and intra-atrial lateral tunnel (n = 1). Concomitant surgery for atrial arrhythmia was performed in 8 patients. Fenestration was performed in 7 patients. The median follow-up duration was 7.1 years (range, 0.3-13.4 years). RESULTS: There were no operative deaths and two late deaths occurred 7.9 and 8.1 years after operation. Actuarial 5- and 10-year survival rates were 92.3 and 83.1%, respectively. Postoperative complications included bleeding (n = 3), deep sternal infection (n = 1) and prolonged pleural effusion for more than 2 weeks (n = 5). During follow-up, atrial arrhythmia recurred in 6 patients, PLE recurred in 2 patients and pleural effusion recurred in 2 patients. All patients were classified as New York Heart Association Class I (n = 15) or Class II (n = 4). CONCLUSIONS: Fontan conversion to TCPC in patients with failing Fontan circulation can be performed with low risk of morbidity and mortality. The procedure confers better quality of life and is functional for patients with failed Fontan circulation.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Young Hwan(박영환)
Park, Han Ki(박한기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7472-7822
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