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Secondary Neutron Dose Measurement for Proton Line Scanning Therapy

 Chaeyeong Lee  ;  Sangmin Lee  ;  Kwangzoo Chung  ;  Youngyih Han  ;  Yong Hyun Chung  ;  Jin Sung Kim 
 Korean Journal of Medical Physics (의학물리), Vol.27(3) : 162-168, 2016 
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Medical Physics(의학물리)
Issue Date
Proton therapy ; Range shifter ; Secondary neutron
Proton therapy is increasingly being actively used in the treatment of cancer. In contrast to photons, protons have the potential advantage of delivering higher doses to the cancerous tissue and lower doses to the surrounding normal tissue. However, a range shifter is needed to degrade the beam energy in order to apply the pencil beam scanning technique to tumors located close to the minimum range. The secondary neutrons are produced in the beam path including within the patient's body as a result of nuclear interactions. Therefore, unintended side effects may possibly occur. The research related to the secondary neutrons generated during proton therapy has been presented in a variety of studies worldwide, since 2007. In this study, we measured the magnitude of the secondary neutron dose depending on the location of the detector and the use of a range shifter at the beam nozzle of the proton scanning mode, which was recently installed. In addition, the production of secondary neutrons was measured and estimated as a function of the distance between the isocenter and detector. The neutron dose was measured using WENDI-II (Wide Energy Neutron Detection Instruments) and a Plastic Water phantom; a Zebra dosimeter and 4-cm-thick range shifter were also employed as a phantom. In conclusion, we need to consider the secondary neutron dose at proton scanning facilities to employ the range shifter reasonably and effectively.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jinsung(김진성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1415-6471
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