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Is nutritional labeling associated with individual health? The effects of labeling-based awareness on dyslipidemia risk in a South Korean population

 Jong Yeob Kim  ;  Ki Hong Kweon  ;  Min Jae Kim  ;  Eun-Cheol Park  ;  Suk-Yong Jang  ;  Woorim Kim  ;  Kyu-Tae Han 
 NUTRITION JOURNAL, Vol.15(1) : 81, 2016 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Body Mass Index ; Cholesterol, HDL/blood ; Cholesterol, LDL/blood ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Dyslipidemias/epidemiology* ; Dyslipidemias/prevention & control* ; Exercise ; Female ; Food Labeling* ; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice* ; Humans ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Nutrition Surveys ; Prevalence ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Triglycerides/blood
Dyslipidemia ; Health policy perception ; Hyperlipidemia ; Nutrition labeling
BACKGROUND: In 1995, the South Korean government made nutrition labeling compulsory, which has positively impacted patients with certain chronic diseases, such as dyslipidemia. We investigated the association between nutrition labeling-based awareness and the risk of dyslipidemia among individuals not yet diagnosed.

METHODS: Our study used data from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys administered during 2010-2014 (n?=?17,687). We performed multiple or logistic regression analysis to examine the association between nutritional analysis and various outcome variables.

RESULTS: Approximately 70 % of the respondents (n?=?11,513) were familiar with nutrition labeling, of which 20 % (n?=?3172) decided what food to buy based on that information. This awareness yielded mostly positive results on outcome indicators, such as triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. In general, individuals who used nutritional labels to make decisions regarding food purchases had a lower risk of dyslipidemia than individuals who did not (OR: 0.806, 95 % CI: 0.709-0.917).

CONCLUSION: Utilizing nutrition labels for making food choices correlated with a lower risk of dyslipidemia in certain subgroups. Based on our findings, we recommend that health policymakers and medical professionals consider promoting nutrition labeling as an alternative method for managing certain chronic diseases in South Korean patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
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