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Photorefractive keratectomy combined with corneal wavefront?guided and hyperaspheric ablation profiles to correct myopia

Authors
 Hun Lee  ;  Si Yoon Park  ;  David Sung Yong Kang  ;  Byoung Jin Ha  ;  Jin Young Choi  ;  Eung Kweon Kim  ;  Kyoung Yul Seo  ;  Tae-im Kim 
Citation
 Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Vol.42(6) : 890-898, 2016 
Journal Title
 Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 
ISSN
 0886-3350 
Issue Date
2016
Abstract
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) combined with corneal wavefront-guided ablation profiles and hyperaspheric ablation profiles on changes in higher-order aberrations (HOAs). SETTING: Yonsei University College of Medicine and Eyereum Clinic, Seoul, South Korea. DESIGN: Comparative observational case series. METHODS: Medical records of patients who had corneal wavefront-guided hyperaspheric PRK, corneal wavefront-guided mild-aspheric PRK, or non-corneal wavefront-guided mild-aspheric PRK were analyzed. The logMAR uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE), and changes in corneal aberrations (root-mean-square [RMS] HOAs, spherical aberration, coma) were evaluated 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS: The records of 61 patients (96 eyes) were reviewed. There was no statistically significant difference in logMAR UDVA or MRSE between the 3 groups at any timepoint. Corneal RMS HOAs were significantly smaller in the corneal wavefront-guided hyperaspheric group and the corneal wavefront-guided mild-aspheric group than in the noncorneal wavefront-guided mild-aspheric group at each timepoint. Corneal spherical aberration was significantly smaller for corneal wavefront-guided hyperaspheric PRK than for noncorneal wavefront-guided mild-aspheric PRK 6 months postoperatively. Changes in corneal spherical aberration (preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively) in corneal wavefront-guided hyperaspheric PRK were significantly smaller than in corneal wavefront-guided mild-aspheric PRK (P = .046). Corneal coma was significantly smaller with corneal wavefront-guided hyperaspheric PRK and corneal wavefront-guided mild-aspheric PRK than with noncorneal wavefront-guided mild-aspheric PRK 3 months and 6 months postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Corneal wavefront-guided hyperaspheric PRK induced less corneal spherical aberration 6 months postoperatively than corneal wavefront-guided mild-aspheric PRK and noncorneal wavefront-guided mild-aspheric PRK. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: None of the authors has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0886335016301389
DOI
10.1016/j.jcrs.2016.03.033
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김응권(Kim, Eung Kweon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1453-8042
김태임(Kim, Tae Im) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6414-3842
박시윤(Park, Si Yoon)
서경률(Seo, Kyuong Yul) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9855-1980
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/151824
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