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A change in social activity affect cognitive function in middle-aged and older Koreans: analysis of a Korean longitudinal study on aging (2006-2012)

Authors
 Young Choi  ;  Sohee Park  ;  Kyoung Hee Cho  ;  Sung-Youn Chun  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GERIATRIC PSYCHIATRY, Vol.31(8) : 912-919, 2016 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GERIATRIC PSYCHIATRY 
ISSN
 0885-6230 
Issue Date
2016
MeSH
Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Aging/psychology* ; Cognition* ; Female ; Humans ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neuropsychological Tests ; Republic of Korea ; Social Behavior* ; Social Participation*
Keywords
Korean age 45 or older ; cognitive function ; social activity
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between a changes in social activity and cognitive function in Koreans aged 45?years or older. METHODS: Data were obtained from 6076 participants aged 45?years and older included in the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-2012). Cognitive function was measured using the mini-mental state examination-Korean version (MMSE-K). Participation in social activities was classified as ""consistent participation,"" ""consistent non-participation,"" ""participation to non-participation,"" and ""non-participation to participation."" Linear mixed models were used to investigate the relationship between type of social activity (religious organizations, friendship organizations, leisure/culture/sports clubs, family or school reunion, volunteering work, and political organizations), and cognitive function. RESULTS: Individuals who reported ""no participation to participation"" (b?=?0.778, p?<?0.0001) and ""consistent participation"" (b?=?0.968, p?<?0.0001) were more likely to show reduced cognitive decline than those who reported ""consistent non-participation"" (p?<?0.0001 for trend). The positive association between cognitive function and consistent participation in religious activities, friendship organizations, and family/school reunions was particularly strong (b?=?0.325, p?<?0.0001; b?=?0.570, p?<?0.0001; b?=?0.234, p?=?0.0004; respectively, versus consistent non-participation). CONCLUSIONS: Promotion of participation in religious organizations, friendship organizations, and family/school reunions (only for older persons) may help preserve cognitive function in individuals aged 45?years or older in Korea.
Full Text
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gps.4408/abstract
DOI
10.1002/gps.4408
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, So Hee(박소희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8513-5163
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/151618
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