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Fasting Serum Glucose Level and Cancer Risk in Korean Men and Women

Authors
 Sun Ha Jee  ;  Heechoul Ohrr  ;  Jae Woong Sull  ;  Ji Eun Yun  ;  Min Ji  ;  Jonathan M. Samet 
Citation
 JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol.293(2) : 194-202, 2005 
Journal Title
 JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 
ISSN
 0098-7484 
Issue Date
2005
MeSH
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology* ; Female ; Humans ; Korea ; Male ; Neoplasms/epidemiology* ; Risk Factors
Keywords
15886373
Abstract
CONTEXT: Diabetes is a serious and costly disease that is becoming increasingly common in many countries. The role of diabetes as a cancer risk factor remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between fasting serum glucose and diabetes and risk of all cancers and specific cancers in men and women in Korea. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Ten-year prospective cohort study of 1,298,385 Koreans (829,770 men and 468,615 women) aged 30 to 95 years who received health insurance from the National Health Insurance Corp and had a biennial medical evaluation in 1992-1995 (with follow-up for up to 10 years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Death from cancer and registry-documented incident cancer or hospital admission for cancer. RESULTS: During the 10 years of follow-up, there were 20,566 cancer deaths in men and 5907 cancer deaths in women. Using Cox proportional hazards models and controlling for smoking and alcohol use, the stratum with the highest fasting serum glucose (> or =140 mg/dL [> or =7.8 mmol/L]) had higher death rates from all cancers combined (hazard ratio [HR], 1.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.22-1.37 in men and HR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.09-1.39 in women) compared with the stratum with the lowest level (<90 mg/dL [<5.0 mmol/L]). By cancer site, the association was strongest for pancreatic cancer, comparing the highest and lowest strata in men (HR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.52-2.41) and in women (HR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.43-2.93). Significant associations were also found for cancers of the esophagus, liver, and colon/rectum in men and of the liver and cervix in women, and there were significant trends with glucose level for cancers of the esophagus, colon/rectum, liver, pancreas, and bile duct in men and of the liver and pancreas in women. Of the 26,473 total cancer deaths in men and women, 848 were estimated as attributable to having a fasting serum glucose level of less than 90 mg/dL. For cancer incidence, the general patterns reflected those found for mortality. For persons with a diagnosis of diabetes or a fasting serum glucose level greater than 125 mg/dL (6.9 mmol/L), risks for cancer incidence and mortality were generally elevated compared with those without diabetes. CONCLUSION: In Korea, elevated fasting serum glucose levels and a diagnosis of diabetes are independent risk factors for several major cancers, and the risk tends to increase with an increased level of fasting serum glucose.
Full Text
http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=200151
DOI
10.1001/jama.293.18.2210-b
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ohrr, Hee Choul(오희철)
Yun, Ji Eun(윤지은)
Jee, Sun Ha(지선하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9519-3068
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/151242
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