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유방암에서 감시림프절 파라핀 포매조직 RT-PCR법을 이용한 미세전이 분석

Other Titles
 Detection of micrometastasis in fixed paraffin-embedded Sentinel Lymph Nodes of Breast cancer using RT-PCR 
 정준  ;  최은창  ;  최유정  ;  이일균  ;  이승아  ;  박전한  ;  유영훈  ;  정우희  ;  이희대 
 JOURNAL OF BREAST CANCER, Vol.8(2) : 31-39, 2005 
Journal Title
Issue Date
BREAST cancer ; micrometa-stsis ; RT-PCRSentinel lymph node
BREAST cancer ; micrometa-stsis ; RT-PCRSentinel lymph node
Purpose: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is considered a highly accurate and very economic method of assessing the axillary nodal status in breast cancer patients. Recently immunohistochemical (IHC) staining and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) are commonly used to evaluate micrometastasis in the sentinel lymph node. However, most of the RT-PCR studies have been performed using fresh tissue. This study was conducted to assess micrometastasis in clinically node-negative breast cancer by using RT-PCR technique on the paraffin embedded sentinel lymph nodes. Methods: Sixty patients who undergone SLN biopsy followed by axillary lymph node dissection due to breast carcinoma were evaluated from February 2000 to January 2001 at the Breast Cancer Center, Department of Surgery, Yongdong Severance Hospital. Serial sections were made from all sentinel lymph nodes for the H&E staining and for the IHC staining with monoclonal anti-cytokeratin antibody. RNA was extracted from the paraffin embedded sentinel lymph nodes and RT-PCR was performed using cytokeratin 19 mRNA, MUC-1 mRNA, and MAGE-A3 mRNA. Results: In 32 out of 60 cases, -actin mRNA was detected after RT-PCR, and the 28 cases which had no product after RT-PCR for -actin were excluded from this study. Twenty five cases showed as being metastasis positive and 7 cases showed as being metastasis negative by serial section (SS) H&E staining. Three out of 25 negative cases tested for by SS H&E staining were found to be positive by IHC. Ten, six and, eight cases out of the 25 negative cases tested for by SS H&E were found to be positive by RT-PCR for cytokeratin 19, MUC-1,and MAGE-A3, respectively. Among the 22 cases that were found to be negative by both SS H&E staining and IHC staining, 9, 4, and 6 cases were converted to positive by RT-PCR for cytokeratin 19, MUC-1, and MAGE-A3, respectively. Using the combination of two or three markers for performing RT-PCR was more sensitive than any single marker to detect micrometastasis (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Even though we failed to extract RNA in 46% of the paraffin embedded tissues, it may be possible to detect micrometastasis by using RT-PCR with the paraffin embedded tissue. RT-PCR is far more sensitive than IHC for detecting microme tastasis, and when we combine multiple markers, the detection rate is higher than for any one marker.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Microbiology (미생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Jeon Han(박전한) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9604-3205
Lee, Seung Ah(이승아)
Lee, Hy De(이희대)
Jung, Woo Hee(정우희)
Jeong, Joon(정준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0397-0005
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