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Kinematic Effects of Nickel-Titanium Instruments with Reciprocating or Continuous Rotation Motion: A Systematic Review of In Vitro Studies.

 So-Yeon Ahn  ;  Hyeon-Cheol Kim  ;  Euiseong Kim 
 Journal of Endodontics, Vol.42(7) : 1009-1017, 2016 
Journal Title
 Journal of Endodontics 
Issue Date
Biomechanical Phenomena ; Dental Instruments* ; Equipment Design ; In Vitro Techniques ; Materials Testing ; Motion ; Nickel/chemistry* ; Root Canal Preparation/instrumentation* ; Rotation ; Stress, Mechanical ; Surface Properties ; Titanium/chemistry* ; Torque
Apical debris extrusion ; cyclic fatigue ; dentinal defects ; reciprocating ; rotating ; shaping ability
INTRODUCTION: This review aimed to compare the kinematic effect of nickel-titanium instruments with reciprocating and continuous rotation motion for cyclic fatigue resistance, shaping ability, apical debris extrusion, and dentinal defects or cracks. METHOD: Articles were selected for inclusion in this review if they fulfilled all of the following criteria: described in vitro studies performed on either extracted human teeth or an artificial canal model, assessed both reciprocating and rotary instruments, compared reciprocating files and rotary files for the kinematics of files, and evaluated reciprocating and rotary files regarding the aim of this study. The electronic search was undertaken in MEDLINE, Cochrane database, and manual searches, including journals, reference lists, and other reviews. RESULTS: Twelve studies were chosen for cyclic fatigue, 19 studies for shaping ability, 14 studies for apical debris extrusion, and 13 studies for dentinal defects or cracks. Most of the studies showed that reciprocating motion had a higher resistance to cyclic fatigue. Nine studies from the shaping studies reported less canal transportation by using the reciprocating motion than the continuous rotation. The reciprocating instruments tended to extrude more dentin debris than the continuous rotating instruments, but many of the studies showed conflicting results. In addition, 2 studies from the defects or cracks studies claimed the reciprocating motion produced more dentinal defects than the continuous rotating motion. CONCLUSIONS: Instruments with reciprocating motion seemed to have better resistance to cyclic fatigue with less canal transportation tendency than the instruments with continuous rotating motion.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Conservative Dentistry (보존과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eui Seong(김의성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2126-4761
Ahn, So Yeon(안소연)
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