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The Poisoning Information Database Covers a Large Proportion of Real Poisoning Cases in Korea.

 Su Jin Kim  ;  Sung Phil Chung  ;  Hyo-Wook Gil  ;  Sang-Cheon Choi  ;  Hyun Kim  ;  Changwoo Kang  ;  Hyun Jin Kim  ;  Jung Soo Park  ;  Kyung Woo Lee  ;  Junho Cho  ;  Jae Chol Yoon  ;  Soohyung Cho  ;  Michael Sung Pil Choe  ;  Tae Sik Hwang  ;  Dae Young Hong  ;  Hoon Lim  ;  Yang-Weon Kim  ;  Seung Whan Kim  ;  Hyunggoo Kang  ;  Woo Jeong Kim 
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, Vol.31(7) : 1037-1041, 2016 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Animals ; Animals, Poisonous ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Databases, Factual ; Drugs, Chinese Herbal/poisoning ; Emergency Service, Hospital ; Female ; Humans ; Infant ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Pesticides/poisoning ; Plants, Medicinal/poisoning ; Poisoning/epidemiology* ; Prescription Drugs/poisoning ; Republic of Korea ; Retrospective Studies ; Young Adult
Database ; Information ; Poisoning
The poisoning information database (PIDB) provides clinical toxicological information on commonly encountered toxic substances in Korea. The aim of this study was to estimate the coverage rate of the PIDB by comparing the database with the distribution of toxic substances that real poisoning patients presented to 20 emergency departments. Development of the PIDB started in 2007, and the number of toxic substances increased annually from 50 to 470 substances in 2014. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with toxic exposure who visited 20 emergency departments in Korea from January to December 2013. Identified toxic substances were classified as prescription drug, agricultural chemical, household product, animal or plant, herbal drug, or other. We calculated the coverage rate of the PIDB for both the number of poisoning cases and the kinds of toxic substances. A total of 10,887 cases of intoxication among 8,145 patients was collected. The 470 substances registered in the PIDB covered 89.3% of 8,891 identified cases related to poisoning, while the same substances only covered 45.3% of the 671 kinds of identified toxic substances. According to category, 211 prescription drugs, 58 agricultural chemicals, 28 household products, and 32 animals or plants were not covered by the PIDB. This study suggested that the PIDB covered a large proportion of real poisoning cases in Korea. However, the database should be continuously extended to provide information for even rare toxic substances.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Emergency Medicine (응급의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chung, Sung Phil(정성필) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3074-011X
Cho, Junho(조준호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2240-3989
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