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Gender Differences in Relations of Smoking Status, Depression, and Suicidality in Korea: Findings from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2012.

Authors
 Sun Mi Kim  ;  Jae-Woo Jung  ;  In-Won Park  ;  Chul Min Ahn  ;  Yu-Il Kim  ;  Kwang-Ha Yoo  ;  Eun Mi Chun  ;  Ji Ye Jung  ;  Young Sik Park  ;  Ju-Heon Park  ;  Jae Yeol Kim  ;  Korean Smoking Cessation Study Group 
Citation
 PSYCHIATRY INVESTIGATION, Vol.13(2) : 239-246, 2016 
Journal Title
 PSYCHIATRY INVESTIGATION 
ISSN
 1738-3684 
Issue Date
2016
Keywords
Depression ; Female smokers ; Gender differences ; Suicidality ; Tobacco smoking
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: As mental health problems may play an important role in initiating and maintaining cigarette smoking in females and there are an increasing number of female smokers, we evaluated the relationship between smoking status and mental health problems including depression and suicide ideation in women in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed the 5-year cumulative data (19 years of age or older, n=32,184) from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) conducted from 2008 to 2012. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate associations between cigarette smoking status and mental health parameters while controlling for potentially confounding variables. RESULTS: Among current smokers, females showed higher lifetime prevalence in having a depressive episode, a doctor-diagnosed major depression, a current diagnosis of depression, or receiving treatment for depression in comparison with males. In addition, females were more likely to report on having a depressive episode, suicidal ideation and attempts, and psychiatric counselling within the previous year, as compared to males. Female former smokers showed intermediate characteristics in parameters of mental health status within the previous year, ranking between lifetime non-smokers and the current smokers. CONCLUSION: Identifying the factors related to mental health status among current smokers can increase opportunities for an early intervention and help reduce the prevalence of smoking and increase smoking cessation rates particularly in females. Developing adaptive coping strategies other than smoking in female youth is potentially important in reducing the initiation of smoking.
Files in This Item:
T201601772.pdf Download
DOI
10.4306/pi.2016.13.2.239
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ahn, Chul Min(안철민)
Jung, Ji Ye(정지예) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1589-4142
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/146944
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