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Association between employment status change and depression in Korean adults

 Ki-Bong Yoo  ;  Eun-Cheol Park  ;  Suk-Yong Jang  ;  Jeoung A Kwon  ;  Sun Jung Kim  ;  Kyoung-hee Cho  ;  Jae-Woo Choi  ;  Jae-Hyun Kim  ;  Sohee Park 
 BMJ OPEN, Vol.6(3) : 008570, 2016 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Alcohol Drinking ; Depression/epidemiology* ; Employment* ; Female ; Humans ; Income ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Marital Status ; Middle Aged ; Occupations ; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales ; Regression Analysis ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Smoking ; Unemployment* ; Young Adult
Asian ; depression ; job status
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between employment status and depression. METHODS: Data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) collected from 2008 to 2011 were used. A total of 7368 subjects were included in this study after exclusion of subjects with missing data and those who were self-employed or could not work. Depression was assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Employment status, age, sex, region, education, marital status, income, head of household, self-rated health, smoking status, drinking habits, and the current year's and the previous year's CES-D scores were included in the model as independent variables. A generalised linear mixed-effects model for longitudinal binary data was used. RESULTS: Compared with those who were permanently employed, individuals who moved from permanent to precarious employment (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.23 to 1.70) or to unemployment (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.30 to 2.43) and from precarious employment to unemployment (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.32 to 2.06) showed a significantly increased the odds of having depression. Continuing precarious employment (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.30 to 1.83) or unemployment (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.23 to 1.70) also significantly increased the odds of having depression. These results were particularly identified in men and head of household women. The effects were not significant among non-head of household women. CONCLUSIONS: Precarious employment and unemployment were clearly associated with having depression. In addition, in view of our findings, policy makers should consider sex and head of household status when developing welfare policies. The inequity between precarious jobs and permanent jobs should be tackled.
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4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, So Hee(박소희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8513-5163
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
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