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Patient exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields during laparoscopic and robotic surgeries

Authors
 Jai Won Chung  ;  Jee Soo Park  ;  Deok Won Kim  ;  Soo Beom Choi 
Citation
 International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, Vol.12(3), 2016 
Journal Title
 International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery 
ISSN
 1478-5951 
Issue Date
2016
MeSH
Humans ; Laparoscopy*/adverse effects ; Magnetic Fields* ; Robotic Surgical Procedures*/adverse effects
Keywords
da Vinci surgical system ; laparoscopic surgery ; magnetic field ; patients ; robotic surgery
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic and robotic surgeries require many electronic devices, and the hazard of extremely low-frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) from these devices to humans remains uncertain. This study aimed to measure and compare patients' exposure levels to ELF-MFs in laparoscopic and robotic surgeries. METHODS: The intensity of ELF-MF exposure to patients was measured every 10 s during 30 laparoscopic surgeries and 30 robotic surgeries using portable ELF-MF measuring devices with logging capabilities. RESULTS: The mean ELF-MF exposures were 0.11 ± 0.07 μT for laparoscopic surgeries and 0.12 ± 0.10 μT for robotic surgeries. There were no significant differences between the laparoscopic and robotic surgeries. CONCLUSIONS: Patients' mean ELF-MF exposure levels in laparoscopic and robotic surgeries were lower than 0.2 μT, which is considered safe according to previous studies. However, because many medical devices have been implemented for multiple purposes in hospitals, the MF environment in hospitals regarding patient health should not be overlooked.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/141855
DOI
10.1002/rcs.1686
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical Engineering (의학공학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical Education (의학교육학과)
Yonsei Authors
김덕원(Kim, Deok Won) ; 정재원(Chung, Jai Won) ; 최수범(Choi, Soo Beom)
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Full Text
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/rcs.1686/abstract
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