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Associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and bone mineral density and proximal femur geometry in Koreans: the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2009

Authors
 S. Hwang  ;  H. S. Choi  ;  K. M. Kim  ;  Y. Rhee  ;  S. K. Lim 
Citation
 Osteoporosis International, Vol.26(1) : 163-171, 2015 
Journal Title
 Osteoporosis International 
ISSN
 0937-941X 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
The association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and bone mineral density (BMD) and proximal femur bone geometry was examined in the Korean population. A positive relationship between skeletal health and 25(OH)D levels was observed. However, there were no significant differences in skeletal health between the groups with 25(OH)D level of 50-75 nmol/L and greater than 75 nmol/L. INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D plays an important role in calcium and phosphate homeostasis and normal mineralization of bone. However, the optimal level of vitamin D for skeletal health has not been clearly established. We analyzed the associations between serum 25(OH)D and BMD and proximal femur bone geometry and determined the optimal 25(OH)D level. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 10,062 participants (20-95 years, 4,455 men, 5,607 women) in the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES IV) conducted from 2008 to 2009. Participants were divided into groups according to 25(OH)D level (<25, 25-50, 50-75, and ≥75 nmol/L). BMD and proximal femur geometric indices were measured. RESULTS: The group with 25(OH)D levels of 50-75 nmol/L had greater bone density values, with the exception of the lumbar spine, and also had greater femur neck cortical thickness, cross-sectional area, and cross-sectional moment of inertia, as well as a lesser buckling ratio than the groups with 25(OH)D level of 25-50 nmol/L and less than 25 nmol/L. However, there were no significant differences in BMD and proximal femur geometry properties between the groups with 50-75 nmol/L and greater than 75 nmol/L of 25(OH)D. CONCLUSION: The skeletal outcomes, including BMD and proximal femur geometric indices observed in this study, suggest that serum 25(OH)D levels of 50 to <75 nmol/L are optimal for skeletal health.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/141697
Full Text
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00198-014-2877-0
DOI
10.1007/s00198-014-2877-0
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
이유미(Rhee, Yumie) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4227-5638
임승길(Lim, Sung Kil)
황세나(Hwang, Se Na)
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