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Association Between 5-HTTLPR Polymorphism and Tics after Treatment with Methylphenidate in Korean Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

 Seo Yeon Park  ;  Eun Joo Kim  ;  Keun-Ah Cheon 
 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, Vol.25(8) : 633-640, 2015 
Journal Title
 Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 
Issue Date
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between 5-HTTLPR polymorphism (44-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism of serotonin transporter gene) and methylphenidate (MPH) treatment response, as well as the association between the adverse events of MPH treatment and 5-HTTLPR polymorphism in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: A total of 114 children with ADHD (mean age 9.08 ± 1.94 years) were recruited from the child psychiatric clinic in a hospital in South Korea. We have extracted the genomic DNA of the subjects from their blood lymphocytes and analyzed 5-HTTLPR polymorphism of the SLC6A4 gene. All children were treated with MPH for 8 weeks, with clinicians monitoring both the improvement of ADHD symptoms and the side effects. We compared the response to MPH treatment and adverse events among those with the genotype of 5-HRRLPR polymorphism. RESULTS: There was no significant association between the 5-HTTLPR genotype and the response to MPH treatment in children with ADHD. Subjects with the S/L+L/L genotype tended to have tics and nail biting (respectively, p < 0.001, p = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study do not support the association between the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and treatment response with MPH in ADHD. However, our findings suggest the association between 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and the occurrence of tics and nail-biting as an adverse event of methylphenidate. This may aid in our understanding of the genetic contribution and genetic susceptibility of a particular allele in those ADHD patients with tics or nail biting.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김은주(Kim, Eun Joo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3061-2051
박서연(Park, Seo Yeon)
천근아(Cheon, Keun Ah) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7113-9286
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