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Molecular Targeted Therapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Present Status and Future Directions

 Kyung-Ju Choi  ;  In Hye Baik  ;  Sang-Kyu Ye  ;  Yun-Han Lee 
 Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, Vol.38(7) : 986-991, 2015 
Journal Title
 Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 
Issue Date
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer and the third most lethal neoplasm, causing an estimated 700000 deaths annually. Currently HCC has only one systemic molecular targeted therapy, the multi-kinase inhibitor, sorafenib. The standard-of-care for advanced liver cancer is limited because sorafenib can expand the median life expectancy of patients for only 1 year. Thus there is an urgent need to develop a novel molecular targeted therapy to improve therapeutic outcomes for HCC. HCCs are phenotypically and genetically heterogeneous tumors driven by diverse molecular mechanisms. However, HCCs exhibit certain common traits selected through genetic and epigenetic alterations. The identification of common molecular alterations may provide an opportunity to develop more effective anticancer treatment through targeted therapy. Recent studies in liver cancer biology have revealed a limited number of molecular targets responsible for initiating and maintaining dysregulated cell proliferation, including vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR), platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR), c-mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor-1 (c-Met), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and histone deacetylases (HDACs). New treatments involving inhibitors targeting several of these critical pathways are in development. This review describes the current understanding of target pathways, ongoing clinical trials using HCC-targeted agents, and future directions in the treatment of HCC.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Baik, In Hye(백인혜)
Lee, Yun Han(이윤한)
Choi, Kyung Ju(최경주)
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