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Efficacy of intraoperative dexmedetomidine infusion on visualization of the surgical field in endoscopic sinus surgery

Authors
 Hyunzu Kim  ;  Sang Hee Ha  ;  Chang Hoon Kim  ;  Sang Hoon Lee  ;  Seung Ho Choi 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Anesthesiology, Vol.68(5) : 449-454, 2015 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 
ISSN
 2005-6419 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
BACKGROUND: In endoscopic sinus surgery, visualization of the surgical field is a major concern, as surgical bleeding is the cause of many complications. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of dexmedetomidine and remifentanil on the visualization of the surgical field in endoscopic sinus surgery. METHODS: Forty-three patients were prospectively enrolled and randomly allocated to the dexmedetomidine or remifentanil group and general anesthesia was induced and maintained using a propofol target-controlled infusion. In the dexmedetomidine group, dexmedetomidine was loaded for 5 min and a continuous infusion was administered. In the remifentanil group, a remifentanil target-controlled infusion was used. After completion of the operation, the satisfaction with the visualization of the surgical field was assessed on a numeric rating scale, from 0 (= worst) to 10 (= best). The mean blood pressure, heart rate, recovery profiles, and postoperative pain score were recorded. RESULTS: Satisfaction score for visualization by numeric rating scale was not significantly different between the two groups (P = 0.95). There were no differences in the mean blood pressure and heart rate. The extubation time was significantly shorter in the dexmedetomidine group (8.4 ± 1.8 min) than in the remifentanil group (11.9 ± 5.4 min) (P = 0.04). Except for the extubation time, the recovery profiles of the two groups were comparable. CONCLUSIONS: Continuous infusions of dexmedetomidine provide a similar visualization of the surgical field and hemodynamic stability as remifentanil target-controlled infusions in patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/141434
DOI
10.4097/kjae.2015.68.5.449
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김창훈(Kim, Chang Hoon) ; 최승호(Choi, Seung Ho) ; 하상희(Ha, Sang Hee)
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