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The effect of offspring on depressive disorder among old adults: Evidence from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging from 2006 to 2012

Authors
 Jae-Hyun Kima, b, Sang Gyu Lee  ;  Jaeyong Shin  ;  Young Choi  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
Citation
 Archives of Gerontology and Geriatics, Vol.61(3) : 351-362, 2015 
Journal Title
 Archives of Gerontology and Geriatics 
ISSN
 0167-4943 
Issue Date
2015
MeSH
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aging/ethnology* ; Aging/psychology ; Asian Continental Ancestry Group/psychology* ; Child ; Depressive Disorder/epidemiology* ; Depressive Disorder/psychology ; Depressive Disorder, Major/epidemiology* ; Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology ; Female ; Humans ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Mothers* ; Prevalence ; Republic of Korea ; Risk ; Risk Factors
Keywords
Depressive disorder ; Offspring ; Old adults
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether having an offspring protects against or increases the risk of depressive disorders. METHODS: Data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) from 2006 and 2012 was assessed using longitudinal data analysis. We have included 10,149 research subjects at baseline and estimated the prevalence of depressive disorders for those with children. RESULTS: The number of offspring was from zero to five or more, and the composition of offspring is from zero boys and zero girls to two or more boys and two or more girls. For parents with zero offspring, the estimate for depressive disorder was 0.464 higher (SE: 0.123, p-value: 0.000, OR: 1.389; 95% CI: 1.176-1.640) and for parents with five or more offspring, the estimate for depressive disorder was 0.1 higher (SE: 0.104, p-value: 0.013, OR: 1.315; 95% CI: 1.150-1.504) compared to parents with two offspring. For parents with zero boys and zero girls, the estimate for depressive disorder was 0.599 higher (SE: 4.750, p-value: <0.0001, OR: 1.539; 95% CI: 1.298-1.825), and for parents with two or more boys and two or more girls, the estimate for depressive disorder was 1.328 higher (SE: 3.820, p-value: 0.000, OR: 1.328; 95% CI: 1.189-1.482) compared to parents with one boy and one girl. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that there is a large effect of offspring on the prevalence of depressive disorder, with significant positive effects for mothers. Fathers are at lower risk for depressive disorder than mothers, and the graph was U-shaped.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167494315300352
DOI
10.1016/j.archger.2015.08.003
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jae-Hyun(김재현)
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Shin, Jae Yong(신재용)
Lee, Sang Gyu(이상규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4847-2421
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/141365
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