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Effects of the gap between socioeconomic status and perceived social class on suicidal ideation: Unique perspectives using a longitudinal analysis

 Jae-Hyun Kim  ;  Eun-Cheol Park  ;  Ki-Bong Yoo 
 Archives of Gerontology and Geriatics, Vol.61(3) : 384-391, 2015 
Journal Title
 Archives of Gerontology and Geriatics 
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Female ; Health Surveys ; Humans ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Odds Ratio ; Perception ; Social Class* ; Socioeconomic Factors* ; Suicidal Ideation* ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Perceived social class ; Social class ; Socioeconomic stratum ; Suicide
PURPOSE: We investigate the impact of gaps between socioeconomic status (SES; household income and education) and perceived social class on suicidal ideation. DESIGN AND METHODS: Longitudinal data from the 2009 and 2011 Korean Health Panel Survey were used. Our sample consisted of 12,357 subjects included in the 2009 survey and 11,758 subjects included in the 2011 survey. We analyzed rates of suicidal ideation as a function of the gap between SES and perceived social class, defined as the difference between household income and education-high (H; college or higher), medium (M; high school), low (L; middle school or lower)-and perceived social class (H, M, and L). RESULTS: Among respondents whose actual and perceived levels of household income (HH: odds ratio [OR]=0.611 [95% CI [confidence interval]: 0.486-0.768], LL: OR=1.829 [95% CI: 1.489-2.247]) and education (HH: OR=0.788 [95% CI: 0.622-0.998], LL: OR 1.853 [95% CI: 1.476-2.328]) were the same, suicidal ideation increased as perceived social class decreased. The adjusted effect of the association between SES and perceived social class on suicidal ideation decreased according to the same pattern. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the gap between SES and perceptions of one's position in the social hierarchy explains a substantial part of inequalities in suicidal ideation. It is important to consider the impact of the slopes of both gaps on suicidal ideation rather than focus only on perceived social class.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jae-Hyun(김재현)
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
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