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Deletion of the Serotonin Receptor Type 3A in Mice Leads to Sudden Cardiac Death During Pregnancy

Authors
 Hyewon Park ; Chang-Myung Oh ; Boyoung Joung ; Hail Kim ; Moon-Hyoung Lee ; Hui-Nam Pak ; Sang-kyu Park ; Jun Namkung ; Hyung Suk Kim ; Shanyu Cui ; Hyelim Park ; Junbeom Park 
Citation
 Circulation Journal, Vol.79(8) : 1807~1815, 2015 
Journal Title
 Circulation Journal 
ISSN
 1346-9843 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The serotonin receptor type 3 (Htr3) blocker is associated with QT prolongation and torsades de pointes. However, little is known about effects of Htr3 on the heart arrhythmia. METHODS AND RESULTS: An electrophysiological study Involving knock-out (KO) female mice lacking functional Htr3a (Htr3a(-/-)) and their wild-type littermates during non-pregancy (NP) and late pregnancy (LP) was performed. Htr3a mRNA was present in the wild-type, but not in the Htr3a(-/-)mouse hearts. Serotonin and tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (Tph1), a rate-limiting enzyme of serotonin synthesis in hearts, is increased during pregnancy. The heart weight and size were increased in the pregnant mice regardless of a mutation. The QTc intervals were prolonged after pregnancy in both the wild (NP: 171.2±16.8 vs. LP: 247.7±14.3 ms; P<0.001) and Htr3a(-/-)mice (NP: 187.9±18.7 vs. LP: 275.6±11.0 ms, P<0.001). Compared with wild-type LP mice, Htr3a(-/-)LP mice had increased spontaneous ventricle tarchycardia (VT; 56% vs. 0%, P=0.002), VT inducibility (66% vs. 25%, P=0.002) and mortality (56% vs. 0%, P=0.002). Pharmacologic administration of serotonin and Htr3 agonists (m-CPBG) decreased the QT interval in wild mice, but not in Htr3a(-/-)mice. CONCLUSIONS: Htr3a is present in mouse hearts. Serotonin and Tph1 were increased during pregnancy. The deletion of Htr3a was related to fatal arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death during pregnancy, and its activation reversed the QT prolongation.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/140868
DOI
10.1253/circj.CJ-14-1074
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Medical Research Center
Yonsei Authors
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