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Extent of Mycobacterium bovis transmission among animals of dairy and beef cattle and deer farms in South Korea determined by variable-number tandem repeats typing

 Sungmo Je  ;  Bok Kyung Ku  ;  Bo-Young Jeon  ;  Jae-Myoung Kim  ;  Suk-Chan Jung  ;  Sang-Nae Cho 
 VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY, Vol.176(3-4) : 274-281, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Alleles ; Animals ; Bacterial Typing Techniques/veterinary ; Cattle ; Cattle Diseases/microbiology ; Cattle Diseases/transmission* ; Dairying ; Deer/microbiology* ; Female ; Genetic Loci/genetics ; Genotype ; Male ; Minisatellite Repeats/genetics* ; Mycobacterium bovis/classification* ; Mycobacterium bovis/genetics ; Mycobacterium bovis/isolation & purification ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Tuberculosis/microbiology ; Tuberculosis/transmission* ; Tuberculosis, Bovine/microbiology ; Tuberculosis, Bovine/transmission*
Bovine tuberculosis ; Korea ; Mycobacterium bovis ; VNTR typing
Identifying sources of Mycobacterium bovis transmission would be essential for establishing effective control programs of bovine tuberculosis (TB), a major zoonosis threatening human health worldwide. As an effort to determine the extent of M. bovis transmission among dairy and beef cattle and deer populations, a mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units (MIRU)-variable-number tandem repeats (VNTR) typing method was employed for analysis of 131 M. bovis isolates from 59 Holstein dairy cattle, 39 Korean beef cattle, and 33 deer. Of 31 MIRU-VNTR markers, 15 showed allelic diversity. The most discriminatory locus for M. bovis isolates was VNTR 3336 (h=0.59) followed by QUB 26, MIRU 31, VNTR 2401, and VNTR 3171 which showed high discriminatory power (h=0.43). The combined VNTR loci had an allelic diversity of 0.83. On the basis of the VNTR profiles of 30 VNTR loci, 24 genotypes were identified, and two genotypes were highly prevalent among all M. bovis isolates (33.6% and 19.1%, respectively), thus indicating that more than 50% of the isolates shared common molecular characteristics. Six additional genotypes were common in 2 of the 3 animal species, suggesting a wide interspecies transmission of M. bovis. This study thus demonstrates that MIRU-VNTR typing is useful in differentiation of M. bovis isolates and that M. bovis transmission occurs frequently among farmed animal species, highlighting the importance of bovine TB control programs in different animal species which are often raised in the same villages.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Microbiology (미생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Cho, Sang Nae(조상래)
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