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Impairedfacialemotionrecognitioninindividualsatultra-highriskforpsychosisand withfirst-episodeschizophrenia, and theirassociationswithneurocognitivedeficitsandself-reportedschizotypy

 Su Young Lee  ;  Minji Bang  ;  Kyung Ran Kim  ;  Mi Kyung Lee  ;  Jin Young Park  ;  Yun Young Song  ;  Jee In Kang  ;  Eun Lee  ;  Suk Kyoon An 
 SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH, Vol.165(1) : 60-65, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Adult ; Cognition Disorders/etiology* ; Emotions* ; Facial Expression* ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Neuropsychological Tests ; Pattern Recognition, Visual ; Photic Stimulation ; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales ; Psychotic Disorders/complications* ; Regression Analysis ; Schizophrenia/complications* ; Schizotypal Personality Disorder/diagnosis ; Schizotypal Personality Disorder/etiology* ; Self Report ; Young Adult
Deficit ; Facial emotions recognition ; First-episode ; Neurocognition ; Schizophrenia ; Schizotypy ; Ultra-high risk for psychosis
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to quantify facial emotion recognition abnormalities and their relation to neurocognitive dysfunction and schizotypy in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis and patients with first-episode schizophrenia (FES).
METHODS: Forty individuals at UHR for psychosis, 24 patients with FES and 46 normal controls performed a facial emotion recognition task that presented facial photographs encompassing all basic emotions. The perceptual aberration scale and revised social anhedonia scale were employed for self-reported assessment of schizotypy. An intellectual functioning (IQ) test and a broad battery of neurocognitive tests were conducted. Emotional task performance indexed by accuracy rate of specific emotion was compared among three groups. The correlation of accuracy rate with neurocognitive tests and schizotypy scales were analyzed within each clinical group.
RESULTS: A recognition deficit of facial emotions was present in both clinical groups, even after adjusting for IQ and gender as covariates. This emotional deficit showed few significant relationships with broad range of individual neurocognitive measures. Meanwhile, this deficit demonstrated significant relationships with schizotypy, especially perceptual aberration in each clinical group.
CONCLUSIONS: Facial emotion recognition deficit may not only be present in FES patients, but may already have evolved prior to the onset of overt psychotic symptoms. This emotion recognition deficit may be linked to a perceptual aberration and largely independent of broad range of neurocognitive dysfunction.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Jee In(강지인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2818-7183
Kim, Kyung Ran(김경란) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8375-1851
Park, Jin Young(박진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5351-9549
An, Suk Kyoon(안석균) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4576-6184
Lee, Eun(이은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7462-0144
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