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Genome-wide methylation profiling and a multiplex construction for the identification of body fluids using epigenetic markers

Authors
 Hwan Young Lee  ;  Ja Hyun An  ;  Sang-Eun Jung  ;  Yu Na Oh  ;  Eun Young Lee  ;  Ajin Choi  ;  Woo Ick Yang  ;  Kyoung-Jin Shin 
Citation
 FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL-GENETICS, Vol.17 : 17-24, 2015 
Journal Title
 FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL-GENETICS 
ISSN
 1872-4973 
Issue Date
2015
MeSH
Adult ; Body Fluids/chemistry* ; Body Fluids/physiology ; CpG Islands* ; DNA Fingerprinting/methods ; DNA Methylation* ; Epigenomics/methods ; Female ; Forensic Genetics/methods* ; Genetic Markers/genetics ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods ; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/methods
Keywords
Body fluid identification ; DNA methylation ; HumanMethylation450 BeadChip ; Multiplex assay
Abstract
The identification of body fluids found at crime scenes can contribute to solving crimes by providing important insights into crime scene reconstruction. In the present study, body fluid-specific epigenetic marker candidates were identified from genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of 42 body fluid samples including blood, saliva, semen, vaginal fluid and menstrual blood using the Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip array. A total of 64 CpG sites were selected as body fluid-specific marker candidates by having more than 20% discrepancy in DNA methylation status between a certain type of body fluid and other types of body fluids and to have methylation or unmethylation pattern only in a particular type of body fluid. From further locus-specific methylation analysis in additional samples, 1 to 3 CpG sites were selected for each body fluid. Then, a multiplex methylation SNaPshot reaction was constructed to analyze methylation status of 8 body fluid-specific CpG sites. The developed multiplex reaction positively identifies blood, saliva, semen and the body fluid which originates from female reproductive organ in one reaction, and produces successful DNA methylation profiles in aged or mixed samples. Although it remains to be investigated whether this approach is more sensitive, more practical than RNA- or peptide-based assays and whether it can be successfully applied to forensic casework, the results of the present study will be useful for the forensic investigators dealing with body fluid samples.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1872497315000393
DOI
10.1016/j.fsigen.2015.03.002
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Forensic Medicine (법의학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Kyoung Jin(신경진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1059-9665
An, Ja Hyun(안자현)
Yang, Woo Ick(양우익) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6084-5019
Lee, Eun Young(이은영)
Lee, Hwan Young(이환영)
Jung, Sang Eun(정상은)
Choi, A Jin(최아진)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/139784
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