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Internalized stigma and its psychosocial correlates in Korean patients with serious mental illness

Authors
 Woo Jung Kim  ;  Youn Joo Song  ;  Hyun-Sook Ryu  ;  Vin Ryu  ;  Jae Min Kim  ;  Ra Yeon Ha  ;  Su Jin Lee  ;  Kee Namkoong  ;  Kyooseob Ha  ;  Hyun-Sang Cho 
Citation
 PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH-NEUROIMAGING, Vol.225(3) : 433-439, 2015 
Journal Title
 PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH-NEUROIMAGING 
ISSN
 0925-4927 
Issue Date
2015
MeSH
Adult ; Bipolar Disorder/psychology* ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Hope ; Hospitals, Psychiatric ; Hospitals, University ; Humans ; Internal-External Control* ; Korea ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Psychotic Disorders/psychology* ; Self Concept ; Social Stigma* ; Social Support ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
Korea ; Mental disorders ; Psychosocial factors ; Risk factors ; Self-concept ; Stereotyping
Abstract
We aimed to examine internalized stigma of patients with mental illness in Korea and identify the contributing factors to internalized stigma among socio-demographic, clinical, and psychosocial variables using a cross-sectional study design. A total of 160 patients were recruited from a university mental hospital. We collected socio-demographic data, clinical variables and administered self-report scales to measure internalized stigma and levels of self-esteem, hopelessness, social support, and social conflict. Internalized stigma was identified in 8.1% of patients in our sample. High internalized stigma was independently predicted by low self-esteem, high hopelessness, and high social conflict among the psychosocial variables. Our finding suggests that simple psychoeducation only for insight gaining cannot improve internalized stigma. To manage internalized stigma in mentally ill patients, it is needed to promote hope and self-esteem. We also suggest that a relevant psychosocial intervention, such as developing coping skills for social conflict with family, can help patients overcome their internalized stigma.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165178114009640
DOI
10.1016/j.psychres.2014.11.071
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Woo Jung(김우정)
Namkoong, Kee(남궁기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1400-8057
Cho, Hyun Sang(조현상) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1019-9941
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/139759
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