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Characterization and tissue incorporation of cross-linked human acellular dermal matrix

 Ju Hee Lee  ;  Hyung Goo Kim  ;  Won Jai Lee 
 BIOMATERIALS, Vol.44 : 195-205, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Acellular Dermis* ; Animals ; Capillaries/drug effects ; Capillaries/growth & development ; Cross-Linking Reagents/pharmacology* ; Extracellular Matrix/drug effects ; Extracellular Matrix/metabolism ; Humans ; Immunohistochemistry ; Male ; Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects ; Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared ; Sus scrofa ; Tensile Strength/drug effects ; Wound Healing/drug effects
Acellular dermal matrix ; Biomechanical property ; Cross-linked ; Micropig implantation
Here, we describe a novel human acellular dermal matrix (ADM) cross-linked using electron beam irradiation. Structural and biomechanical characteristics of the human ADM were assessed by infrared spectrometry and uni-axial tensile testing. Electron beam irradiation affects collagen secondary structure, which can be detected in the amide I spectral region (1660 cm(-1) and 1690 cm(-1)). At doses exceeding 25 kGy, cross-linking of the collagen matrix results in a denser, more stratified appearance and parallel arrangement, with significantly increased tensile strength and elastic modulus. In a micropig model, the implanted ADM elicits rapid host cell infiltration and extracellular matrix deposition; however, the delayed remodeling resulted in long-term structural integrity. Furthermore, mean densities of collagen and elastin, expression of extracellular matrix proteins, and microvessel formation within the implanted ADM increased significantly, whereas the thickness of the implanted ADM did not decrease during the course of the study. Compared with normal adjacent tissue, type I collagen mRNA levels in the ADM increased 12-fold at 3 months after implantation, and transforming growth factor-β mRNA levels increased 3.3-fold at 2 months. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-9 mRNA levels were also elevated. Collectively, these results demonstrate that the structural and biomechanical properties of this novel cross-linked human ADM are adequate for use as a biologic tissue substitute.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Dermatology (피부과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (성형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Won Jai(이원재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3056-0503
Lee, Ju Hee(이주희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1739-5956
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