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Effects of age, sex, and menopausal status on blood cholesterol profile in the korean population

 Ji Hye Park  ;  Myung Ha Lee  ;  Jee-Seon Shim  ;  Dong Phil Choi  ;  Bo Mi Song  ;  Seung Won Lee  ;  Hansol Choi  ;  Hyeon Chang Kim 
 KOREAN CIRCULATION JOURNAL, Vol.45(2) : 141-148, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Cholesterol ; Epidemiology ; High density lipoprotein-cholesterol ; Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol ; Triglycerides
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate age-specific and sex-specific distributions of blood cholesterol in the general Korean population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data for 8284 men and 9246 women aged ≥10 years who participated in the fifth (2010-2012) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Age-specific means, medians, and selected percentiles were calculated for men, premenopausal women, and postmenopausal women. RESULTS: Median total cholesterol (TC) level increased with age across all age groups, from 147 to 196 mg/dL in males and from 159 to 210 mg/dL in females. Triglyceride (TG) levels increased with age in females; however, in males, TG levels rapidly increased during young adulthood, peaked at 50-54 years, and then decreased. High density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were higher in females than in males and decreased with increasing age in both males and females. Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels increased with age across all age groups, from 89 to 127 mg/dL in males and from 82 to 113 mg/dL in females. Lipoprotein-cholesterol fraction (TC/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C, TG/HDL-C, non-HDL-C) levels increased with age in females, but increased more rapidly in males during young adulthood and decreased after middle age. CONCLUSION: Blood cholesterol levels and lipoprotein-cholesterol fractions present different distributions by age, sex, and menopausal status.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyeon Chang(김현창) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7867-1240
Song, Bo Mi(송보미)
Shim, Jee Seon(심지선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8671-3153
Lee, Myung Ha(이명하)
Choi, Dong Phil(최동필)
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