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Human exposure and risk assessment of cadmium of abandoned metal mine areas in Korea

Authors
 Jiyeon Yang  ;  Eung-Cheol Kim  ;  Dong-Chun Shin  ;  Seong-Joon Jo  ;  Young-Wook Lim 
Citation
 ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY AND HEALTH, Vol.37(2) : 321-332, 2015 
Journal Title
 ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY AND HEALTH 
ISSN
 0269-4042 
Issue Date
2015
MeSH
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Air Pollutants/analysis* ; Air Pollutants/blood ; Air Pollutants/urine ; Cadmium/analysis* ; Cadmium/blood ; Cadmium/urine ; Child ; Environmental Monitoring ; Environmental Pollution/analysis* ; Female ; Food Contamination/analysis ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Mining ; Oryza/chemistry ; Republic of Korea ; Risk Assessment ; Soil Pollutants/analysis* ; Soil Pollutants/blood ; Soil Pollutants/urine ; Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis* ; Water Pollutants, Chemical/blood ; Water Pollutants, Chemical/urine ; Zea mays/chemistry
Keywords
Cadmium ; Abandoned metal mine ; Human exposure ; Biomarkers ; Risk assessment
Abstract
The objective of this study is to find the Cd levels in agricultural crops compared to soil, to evaluate the relationship between daily intake dose through the multimedia/multi-pathway of human exposure and biomarker levels of the residents in mine vicinity area. We collected and cited the data of four out of ten health impact assessments for the residents of abandoned mine areas undertaken by the Korea Ministry of Environment in 2008. The Cd levels in soil were significantly decreased by the separation distance from the mines. The Cd levels in blood were significantly different between residents in mine areas and in comparative areas, but urinary Cd levels did not differ. The Cd levels in blood were related to the age; the separation distance from mine to residence; the daily intake dose via ingestion of drinking water, crops, and surface soil; and inhalation of ambient air of Cd, but urinary Cd levels were not relevant with various sociodemographic characteristics and exposure factors. The average hazard quotient (HQ) value of Cd in the mining site was below 1.0, but the maximum HQ was closed to 1.0. The results indicated that the ingestion of Cd-contaminated soil and agricultural crops by local inhabitants could pose potential adverse health effects to long-term residents consuming rice grown near to the mining areas.
Full Text
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10653-014-9650-3
DOI
10.1007/s10653-014-9650-3
Appears in Collections:
5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Institute for Environmental Research (환경공해연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Dong Chun(신동천) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4252-2280
Yang, Ji Yeon(양지연)
Lim, Young Wook(임영욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8845-2850
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/138871
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