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Theory of mind as a mediator of reasoning and facial emotion recognition: findings from 200 healthy people.

 Seul Bee Lee  ;  Se Jun Koo  ;  Yun Young Song  ;  Mi Kyung Lee  ;  Yu Jin Jeong  ;  Catherine Kwon  ;  Kyoung Ri Park  ;  Jin Young Park  ;  Jee In Kang  ;  Eun Lee  ;  Suk Kyoon An 
 PSYCHIATRY INVESTIGATION, Vol.11(2) : 105-111, 2014 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Analogical reasoning ; Facial emotion ; Neurocognition ; Social cognition ; Theory of mind
OBJECTIVE: It was proposed that the ability to recognize facial emotions is closely related to complex neurocognitive processes and/or skills related to theory of mind (ToM). This study examines whether ToM skills mediate the relationship between higher neurocognitive functions, such as reasoning ability, and facial emotion recognition.
METHODS: A total of 200 healthy subjects (101 males, 99 females) were recruited. Facial emotion recognition was measured through the use of 64 facial emotional stimuli that were selected from photographs from the Korean Facial Expressions of Emotion (KOFEE). Participants were requested to complete the Theory of Mind Picture Stories task and Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM).
RESULTS: Multiple regression analysis showed that the SPM score (t=3.19, p=0.002, β=0.22) and the overall ToM score (t=2.56, p=0.011, β=0.18) were primarily associated with a total hit rate (%) of the emotion recognition task. Hierarchical regression analysis through a three-step mediation model showed that ToM may partially mediate the relationship between SPM and performance on facial emotion recognition.
CONCLUSION: These findings imply that higher neurocognitive functioning, inclusive of reasoning, may not only directly contribute towards facial emotion recognition but also influence ToM, which in turn, influences facial emotion recognition. These findings are particularly true for healthy young people.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Jee In(강지인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2818-7183
Park, Jin Young(박진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5351-9549
Song, Yun Young(송윤영)
An, Suk Kyoon(안석균) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4576-6184
Lee, Seul Bee(이슬비)
Lee, Eun(이은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7462-0144
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