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Vertebral compression fractures after spine irradiation using conventional fractionation in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

Authors
 Woo Joong Rhee  ;  Kyung Hwan Kim  ;  Jee Suk Chang  ;  Hyun Ju Kim  ;  Seohee Choi  ;  Woong Sub Koom 
Citation
 RADIATION ONCOLOGY JOURNAL, Vol.32(4) : 221-230, 2014 
Journal Title
 RADIATION ONCOLOGY JOURNAL 
ISSN
 2234-1900 
Issue Date
2014
Keywords
Colorectal cancer ; Compression fractures ; Radiotherapy ; Risk factors ; Spinal fractures ; Spinal neoplasm
Abstract
PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk of vertebral compression fracture (VCF) after conventional radiotherapy (RT) for colorectal cancer (CRC) with spine metastasis and to identify risk factors for VCF in metastatic and non-metastatic irradiated spines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 68 spinal segments in 16 patients who received conventional RT between 2009 and 2012. Fracture was defined as a newly developed VCF or progression of an existing fracture. The target volume included all metastatic spinal segments and one additional non-metastatic vertebra adjacent to the tumor-involved spines. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 7.8 months. Among all 68 spinal segments, there were six fracture events (8.8%) including three new VCFs and three fracture progressions. Observed VCF rates in vertebral segments with prior irradiation or pre-existing compression fracture were 30.0% and 75.0% respectively, compared with 5.2% and 4.7% for segments without prior irradiation or pre-existing compression fracture, respectively (both p < 0.05). The 1-year fracture-free probability was 87.8% (95% CI, 78.2-97.4). On multivariate analysis, prior irradiation (HR, 7.30; 95% CI, 1.31-40.86) and pre-existing compression fracture (HR, 18.45; 95% CI, 3.42-99.52) were independent risk factors for VCF. CONCLUSION: The incidence of VCF following conventional RT to the spine is not particularly high, regardless of metastatic tumor involvement. Spines that received irradiation and/or have pre-existing compression fracture before RT have an increased risk of VCF and require close observation.
Files in This Item:
T201405557.pdf Download
DOI
10.3857/roj.2014.32.4.221
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Koom, Woong Sub(금웅섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9435-7750
Chang, Jee Suk Paul(장지석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7685-3382
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/138748
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