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A Surgical Method for Determining Proper Screw Length in ACDF

 Hae Gi Park  ;  Moo Sung Kang  ;  Kyung Hyun Kim  ;  Jeong Yoon Park  ;  Keun Su Kim  ;  Sung Uk Kuh 
 Korean Journal of Spine, Vol.11(3) : 117-120, 2014 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Spine 
Issue Date
Objective: We describe a surgical tool that uses the distractor pin as a reference for determining proper screw length in ACDF. It is critical that screw purchase depth be as deep as possible without violating or penetrating the posterior cortical wall, which ensures strong pull out strength. Methods: We enrolled 81 adult patients who underwent ACDF using an anterior cervical plate from 2010 to 2012. Patients were categorized into Groups A (42 patients: retractor pin used as a reference for screw length) and B (39 patients: control group). Intraoperative lateral x-rays were taken after screwing the retractor pin to confirm the approaching vertebral level. The ratio of retractor pin length to body anteroposterior (A-P) diameter was measured as a reference. Proper screw length was determined by comparison to the reference. Results: The average distance from screw tip to posterior wall was 3.0±1.4mm in Group A and 4.1±2.3mm in Group B. The ratio of screw length to body sagittal diameter was 86.2±5.7% in Group A and 80.8±9.0% in Group B. Screw length to body sagittal diameter ratios higher than 4/5 occurred in 33 patients (90%) in Group A and 23 patients (59%) in Group B. No cases violated the posterior cortical wall. Conclusions: We introduce a useful surgical method for determining proper screw length in ACDF using the ratio of retractor pin length to body A-P diameter as a reference. This method allows for deeper screw purchase depth without violation of the posterior cortical wall.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
강무성(Kang, Moo Sung)
구성욱(Kuh, Sung Uk) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2566-3209
김경현(Kim, Kyung Hyun)
김근수(Kim, Keun Su) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3384-5638
박정윤(Park, Jeong Yoon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3728-7784
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