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국민학교 아동의 성교육을 위한 기초조사

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 A Survey on Sex Education for Primary School Children 
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[영문] [한글] A Survey on Sex Education for Primary School Children Kim, Soo Eun Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Yonsei University (Directed by Professor Kim, Myung Ho) With the rapid development of our society, we can see many new problems occuring. One of these problems is sex. Most children have not had an adequate education reagarding sex. The purpose of this survey is to obtain data about; 1) Children's ideas about sex. 2) How their parents think about sex education for their children. 3) What parents want to do to educate their children about sex. Questionaires were distributed to five hundred primary school children and four hundred parents (all living in seoul) in September 1973. The result were as follows: Children 1. Twenty two point nine percent of the children said that they consult with their mothers about sex problems. Twenty five point two percent said they consulted with their mothers. 2. There was a great difference between where the children said they received sex information and where their parents said they received sex information. Children: Publication - 45.5% Mass-media - 44.1% Personal-media - 10.4% Parent: Mass-media - 47.9% Publication - 24.0% Personal-media - 25.5% Others - 2.6% 3. In answer to the question, "How can a baby be born?", 34.6% of the children used the word "pregnant" or "give birth." 4. Sixty two point seven percent of the boys and girls said that they were interested in playing together. Sixty nine point six percent of the children said that they like to have a friend of the opposite sex. 5. Sixty six point four percent of the children said that they think males and females are equal. 6. Fifteen point nine percent of the girl respondent has started menstruating and 55.8% of them had a prior Knowledge. Parents 1. Eighty five point three percent of the parents said that sex education is necessary for their children. they gave their own source of knowledge about sex as follows: Publication - 59.6% Mass-media and other sources -40.4% 2. Eighty point one percent of the parents felt that sex can become a social problem. 3. Eleven point two percent of them believe that they can easily teach their children sex education but 83.9% of them did not want to directly answer their children's embarassing questions. 4. Sixty three point four percent of the parents would like the school to have classes which would help their children develop a healthy attitude toward sex.
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