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Present condition and prevention of malaria in Nepal

Other Titles
 네팔의 현재 말라리아 상태와 예방에 대한 연구 
 쁘러단 수버드라 
Issue Date
Dept. of Epidemiology and Health Promotion/석사
Background and purposes: Malaria is a major public health problem in the South-East Asia Region. Malaria is the most important tropical disease. In Nepal, malaria does exist in the southern belt of Nepal (the Tarai) and risk is highest in the hot, rainy summer monsoon. Malaria cases are reported as 15,000 cases per year however have now been reduced to 4,000-5,000 cases due to several programs introduced to control malaria cases from World Health Organization (WHO) and United State (US) government. Therefore, in thisstudy, we aimed to determine actual condition of malaria, common signs, and symptoms, treatment of malaria and prevention programs to control malaria in Nepal.Methods: Data were collected from available literatures, WHO reports and Nepal Public Health Malaria Reports.Results: Nepal is a landlocked country of 147,181 square kilometers bordering India in the south, east and west and china in the north. About 70% of Nepal’s population lives in areas with unstable malaria transmission. In 2001, out of 23.2 million population of the country, 16.5 million people were at malaria risk. Most malaria in Nepal is P. vivax (90%) and P. falciparum (10%). Symptoms of these malaria include fever, shivering, arthralgia vomiting, anemia, hemoglobinuria, retinal damage, and convulsions. Fortreatment, chloroquine (CQ) CQ is the first-line drug for the treatment of P.vivax infections as well as for the treatment of suspected P. falciparum infections in situations where diagnosis is unavailable. Recently, artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) was introduced in 13 high endemic areas. However, in the past, Nepalese did not have the knowledge of preventing malaria from the mosquito and receiving treatment of malaria. Therefore, malaria control programs commenced with malaria control activities andsurvival in the height malicious area of the hetauda. Recent control programs such as Behavior Change Program (BCP), health promotion education programs, and supervision monitoring and evaluation programs may also help people be awarded about preventing and receiving treatment of the malarial disease in Nepal.Conclusion: In this study, we determined actual condition of malaria, common signs, and symptoms, treatment of malaria and prevention programs to control malaria in Nepal. Compared to other countries, the present condition of malaria was found be serious. Continuous activities, programs and research of controlling malaria are needed in Nepal.
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2. Thesis / Dissertation (학위논문) > 5. Others (기타) > Others (기타)
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