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일 도서지방의 임신, 출산 및 모성보건 사업의 태도에 관한 연구

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 (A) study of attitudes toward pregnancy, delivery and prenatal care in a rural island 
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[영문] The purpose of this study was to determine base-line data regarding pregnancy and delivery practice on Kang-wha island. This information was needed in order that the Korean government might develop and implement a Maternal and Child Health Program for this population. Two humdred and thirty seven women, selected by systematic random sampling from a total population of 711 eligible married women, were interviewed. Along with available demographic reports pulbished in 1973, the information from the questionaire was analyzed with the following results: 1. The proportion of women aged 25-34 years, with relatively high fertility was over 50 percent. 2. Two thirds of the women came from farming household. 3. The proportion of illiteracy was less among the younger women. There was no illiteracy among women less than 30 years of age. 4. Fifty eight point four percent of the women said they had no religion; 24.4 percent were Christians; and 4.3 percent were Buddists. 5. Forty one point six percent of the women had experienced 1-3 pregnancies; 45.1 percent had had 4-6 pregnancies; and 11.2 percent had had 7 or more pregnancies. The frequency of pregnancies increased as the present agd of the women increased or the educational level of the women decreased. 6. Twenty seven point eight percent of the women had experienced induced abortion. Ten point three percent of the women had experienced stillbirths. 7. Four point seven percent of the women had no living children; 24.0 percent had 1-2 children; 40.0 percent had 3-4 children; 27.0 percent had 5-6 children and 3.9 percent had 7 or more children. 8. Fifteen percent of the women had received some prenatal care by medical personnel. The frequency of prenatal care incerased as present agd of the women decreased, and as the educational level increased. The main reason for not obtaining prenatal care was the absence of felt need for care. 9. Fifty one point one percent of the women remembered having had complaints during their last pregnancy: these were primarily edema, urinary system complaints, nausea or vomiting. 10. The last delivery took place at home for 94.8 percent of the respondents. More than 80 percent of these deliveries were attended by a relative or neighbor; 5.6 percent were unattended; and 3.9 percent by a dector or midwife. 11. Approximately 80.0 percent of the women said they would welcome having medical personnel attend their deliveries and 61.8 percent said they would visit a health facility if prenatal care were offered.
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