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Caspase-Mediated p65 Cleavage Promotes TRAIL-Induced Apoptosis

Authors
 Hun Sik Kim  ;  Inik Chang  ;  Myung-Shik Lee  ;  Kyung-Hee Choi  ;  Ja Young Kim 
Citation
 Cancer Research, Vol.65(14) : 6111-6119, 2005 
Journal Title
 Cancer Research 
ISSN
 0008-5472 
Issue Date
2005
Abstract
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)–related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is cytotoxic to a wide variety of transformed cells, but not to most normal cells, implying potential therapeutic value against advanced cancer. However, signal transduction in TRAIL-mediated apoptosis is not clearly understood compared with other TNF family members. Specifically, it is not yet understood how TRAIL controls nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation and overcomes its antiapoptotic effect. We explored the regulation of NF-κB activity by TRAIL and its role in apoptosis. TRAIL combined with IκBα-“superrepressor” induced potent apoptosis of SK-Hep1 hepatoma cells at low concentrations of TRAIL that do not independently induce apoptosis. Apoptosis by high concentrations of TRAIL was not affected by IκBα-superrepressor. Although TRAIL alone did not induce NF-κB activity, TRAIL combined with z-VAD significantly increased NF-κB activation. Analysis of the NF-κB activation pathway indicated that TRAIL unexpectedly induced cleavage of p65 at Asp97, which was blocked by z-VAD, accounting for all of these findings. p65 expression abrogated apoptosis and increased NF-κB activity in TRAIL-treated cells. Cleavage-resistant p65D97A further increased NF-κB activity in TRAIL-treated cells, whereas the COOH-terminal p65 fragment acted as a dominant-negative inhibitor. XIAP levels were increased by TRAIL in combination with z-VAD, whereas XIAP levels were decreased by TRAIL alone. Cleavage of p65 was also detected after FRO thyroid cancer cells were treated with TRAIL. These results suggest that TRAIL induces NF-κB activation, but simultaneously abrogates NF-κB activation by cleaving p65, and thereby inhibits the induction of antiapoptotic proteins such as XIAP, which contributes to the strong apoptotic activity of TRAIL compared with other TNF family members.
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-05-0472
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
장인익(Chang, In Ik)
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/114987
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