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Development of a Conditional Replication Competent Adenovirus, Controlled by the Human Telomerase Promoter

 Eunhee Kim  ;  Joo Hang Kim  ;  Chae Ok Yun  ;  Jungho Kim  ;  Jai Myung Yang  ;  Joo Hyuk Sohn  ;  Han Saem Lee  ;  Ha Youn Shin 
 CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT, Vol.35(3) : 191-206, 2003 
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Issue Date
Cancer gene therapy ; Replication competent adenovirus ; hTERT
Cancer gene therapy ; Replication competent adenovirus ; hTERT
PURPOSE: This study has been planned to generate a replication-competent adenovirus which replicates in a cancer cell-specific manner, thus minimizing the side effects and toxicity of cancer gene therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: we have generated an E1B 19 kD attenuated recombinant adenoviruses, Ad-TERT-delta19 and Ad-mTERT-delta19, which encode E1A gene driven by the wild type hTERT and modified m-hTERT promoter containing additional c-myc and Sp1 binding sites in the backbone of Ad-deltaE1B19. The in vitro efficacy and specificity of the hTERT and m-hTERT promoter have been evaluated by the comparison of viral replication and cytopathic effect in cancer cells and normal cell lines. To assess anti-tumor effect and safety of hTERT or m-hTERT promoter driven replication competent adenoviruses, tumor regression after subcutaneous injection in subcutaneous C33A xenografts and lacZ expression after systemic injection in organs were examined. RESULTS: The activation of hTERT or m-hTERT promoter was significantly up-regulated only in hTERT-positive cells, but not in hTERT-negative cells. Moreover, the activity of m-hTERT promoter was substantially increased in hTERT-positive cancer cells, but not in hTERT-negative cells. While Ad-TERT-delta19 replicated in and induced cytopathic effect in cancer and in some normal cell lines, Ad-mTERT-delta19 enhanced viral replication and cytopathic effect in cancer cells only. Furthermore, the growth of established human cervical carcinoma in nude mice was significantly suppressed by intratumoral injection of Ad-mTERT-delta19. CONCLUSIONS: The use of m-hTERT promoter is not only useful in the regulation of therapeutic gene expression but also that replication-competent oncolytic adenovirus under the control of m-hTERT promoter may be a new promising tool for the treatment of human malignancies.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Research Institute (부설연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Sohn, Joo Hyuk(손주혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2303-2764
Yun, Chae Ok(윤채옥)
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