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VRML을 이용한 융합 영상에서 간질환자 발작 진원지의 3차원적 가시화와 위치 측정 구현

Other Titles
 Visualization and Localization of Fusion Image Using VRML for Three-dimensional Modeling of Epileptic Seizure Focus 
 이상호  ;  김동현  ;  김희중  ;  이종두  ;  강원석  ;  손혜경  ;  윤미진  ;  정해조  ;  유선국 
 Korean Journal of Medical Physics (의학물리), Vol.14(1) : 34-42, 2003 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Medical Physics (의학물리) 
Issue Date
가상현실 구현 언어(VRML) ; SISCOM ; 영상 융합 ; 가시화 ; 위치 측정
가상현실 구현 언어(VRML) ; SISCOM ; 영상 융합 ; 가시화 ; 위치 측정
In medical imaging, three-dimensional (3D) display using Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) as a portable file format can give intuitive information more efficiently on the World Wide Web (WWW). The web-based 3D visualization of functional images combined with anatomical images has not studied much in systematic ways. The goal of this study was to achieve a simultaneous observation of 3D anatomic and functional models with planar images on the WWW, providing their locational information in 3D space with a measuring implement using VRML. MRI and ictal-interictal SPECT images were obtained from one epileptic patient. Subtraction ictal SPECT co-registered to MRI (SISCOM) was performed to improve identification of a seizure focus. SISCOM image volumes were held by thresholds above one standard deviation (1-SD) and two standard deviations (2-SD). SISCOM foci and boundaries of gray matter, white matter, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the MRI volume were segmented and rendered to VRML polygonal surfaces by marching cube algorithm. Line profiles of x and y-axis that represent real lengths on an image were acquired and their maximum lengths were the same as 211.67 mm. The real size vs. the rendered VRML surface size was approximately the ratio of 1 to 605.9. A VRML measuring tool was made and merged with previous VRML surfaces. User interface tools were embedded with Java Script routines to display MRI planar images as cross sections of 3D surface models and to set transparencies of 3D surface models. When transparencies of 3D surface models were properly controlled, a fused display of the brain geometry with 3D distributions of focal activated regions provided intuitively spatial correlations among three 3D surface models. The epileptic seizure focus was in the right temporal lobe of the brain. The real position of the seizure focus could be verified by the VRML measuring tool and the anatomy corresponding to the seizure focus could be confirmed by MRI planar images crossing 3D surface models. The VRML application developed in this study may have several advantages. Firstly, 3D fused display and control of anatomic and functional image were achieved on the m. Secondly, the vector analysis of a 3D surface model was defined by the VRML measuring tool based on the real size. Finally, the anatomy corresponding to the seizure focus was intuitively detected by correlations with MRI images. Our web based visualization of 3-D fusion image and its localization will be a help to online research and education in diagnostic radiology, therapeutic radiology, and surgery applications.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical Engineering (의학공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yoo, Sun Kook(유선국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6032-4686
Yun, Mi Jin(윤미진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1712-163X
Lee, Jong Doo(이종두)
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