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Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of pericardial effusion in patients who underwent echocardiographically guided pericardiocentesis: Yonsei Cardiovascular Center experience, 1993-2003

 Cho Byoung Chul  ;  Kang Seok-Min  ;  Rim Se-Joong  ;  Ha Jong-Won  ;  Choi Donghoon  ;  Ko Young-Guk  ;  Kim Dae-Hyuck 
 Yonsei Medical Journal, Vol.45(3) : 462-468, 2004 
Journal Title
 Yonsei Medical Journal 
Issue Date
Percutaneous pericardiocentesis guided by two-dimensional echocardiography was introduced in 1983 as an alternative to electrocardiographically or fluoroscopically guided puncture for the management of pericardial effusion. The objective of this study was to investigate echocardiographically (echo) - guided pericardiocenteses performed at Yonsei Cardiovascular Center from January 1, 1993 to December 31, 2003, and also to determine whether patient profiles, etiology, and practice patterns have changed over this 11-year period. The medical records of 272 patients were examined and a follow-up survey was conducted. Patient clinical profiles, etiology, echocardiographic findings, and procedural details were determined for 2 periods: January, 1993 through December, 1997 (period 1) ; and January 1998 through December, 2003 (period 2). During the 11-year study period, 291 therapeutic, echo-guided pericardiocenteses with pericardial catheter drainage were performed in 272 patients. The number of pericardiocentesis in period 2 was increased compared with period 1 (191 cases vs. 100 cases). The mean age at pericardiocentesis increased from 49 ±17 years in period 1 to 55±16 years in period 2 (p < 0.05). The procedural success rate was 99% overall with a major complication rate of 0.7% (2 cases of right ventricular free wall perforation which required emergency operation). Only one procedure-related mortality (< 30 days) was noted. Malignancy was the leading cause of a pericardial effusion requiring pericardiocentesis (45.6%). The incidence of pericardial effusion following cardiothoracic surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention procedures accounted for nearly 20% of all pericardiocenteses performed. Echo-guided pericardiocentesis has become a safe, standard practice for clinically significant pericardial effusion, in line with the changes of patients profiles over the 11 years of the study.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
강석민(Kang, Seok Min) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9856-9227
고영국(Ko, Young Guk) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
김대혁(Kim, Dae Hyeok)
김성순(Kim, Sung Soon)
심원흠(Shim, Won Heum)
임세중(Rim, Se Joong) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7631-5581
장양수(Jang, Yang Soo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
정남식(Chung, Nam Sik)
조병철(Cho, Byoung Chul) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5562-270X
최동훈(Choi, Dong Hoon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
하종원(Ha, Jong Won) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8260-2958
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