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MN/CA9 촉진자를 가진 replication-competent 아데노바이러스를 이용한 신세포암에 대한 종양 특이적 유전자요법

Other Titles
 Tumor-specific Gene Therapy for Renal Cell Carcinoma Using MN/CA9-directed Replication-competent Adenovirus 
 김세중  ;  안미원  ;  김영수  ;  최민규  ;  이상진  ;  정현철  ;  임호영 
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, Vol.45(5) : 456-462, 2004 
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Renal cell carcinoma ; Gene therapy ; Adenovirus ; Virus replication
Purpose: A new therapeutic approach is needed in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) because of a dismal prognosis. MN/CA9 is a transmembrane glycoprotein that was first identified in the human cervical carcinoma cell line, HeLa. Since MN/CA9 protein is highly expressed in RCC tissues, but not in normal kidney, we constructed a tumor-specific replication-competent adenoviral vector utilizing MN/CA9 promoter (Ad-MN/CA9-E1a) and demonstrated its selective cytotoxicity toward MN/CA9-expressing RCC cells in vitro. Materials and Methods: MN/CA9-positive (HeLa, SK-RC-52) and MN/ CA9-negative (SK-RC-29) cells were used. RT-PCR assay for MN/CA9 mRNA was performed in each cells. Ad5 E1a protein production in each cells after infection with Ad-MN/CA9-E1a was determined by western blot analysis. In vitro cytotoxicity assay was performed for assessing the selective cytotoxicity of Ad-MN/CA9-E1a to MN/CA9-expressing cells. Results: RT-PCR assay showed that a distinct 255-bp fragment corresponding to the sequence within MN/CA9 cDNA was detected in HeLa and SK-RC-52 cells, but SK-RC-29 cells did not have MN/CA9 transcripts. Western blot analysis demonstrated that HeLa and SK-RC-52 cells showed much stronger Ad5 E1a protein expressions compared with SK-RC-29. In vitro cytotoxicity assay revealed that the growth of MN/CA9-positive cells was significantly inhibited with 0.1-1MOI of Ad-MN/CA9-E1a, but the growth of MN/CA9-negative cells (SK-RC-29) could only be inhibited by as many as 100MOI. Conclusions: These results suggest that a novel replication-competent adenoviral vector mediated by MN/CA9 promoter, Ad-MN/CA9-E1a, can selectively replicate in MN/CA9-expressing cancer cells with cytotoxic effects and may be utilized for the treatment of RCC.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chung, Hyun Cheol(정현철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0920-9471
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