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부산의 대학병원에서 분리된 Acinetobacter baumannii 생성 class D β-lactamase OXA-23

Other Titles
 Prevalence of OXA-23 Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Clinical Isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii in a University Hospital, Busan, Korea 
 전병찬  ;  권기영  ;  이경원  ;  용동은  ;  조병규  ;  권수봉  ;  배일권  ;  정석훈 
 Korean Journal of Clinical Microbiology (대한임상미생물학회지), Vol.7(2) : 139-147, 2004 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Clinical Microbiology (대한임상미생물학회지) 
Issue Date
Acinetobacter baumannii, Imipenem ; OXA-23 β-lactamase
Background : Acinetobacter baumannii is a glucose-nonfermenting gram-negative rod and is a well-recognized nosocomial pathogen. In recent years, A. baumannii strains showing resistance to carbapenems by producing metallo-β-lactamases or OXA-type β-lactamases have increased, and it is considered to be a serious clinical problem. But genotypes of carbapenemases produced by A. baumannii isolates in Korea have been rarely reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of imipenem-resistant A. baumannii and to determine the mechanism of resistance. Methods : During the period of January through September, 2003, susceptibilities to imipenem of A. baumannii isolates from patients admitted in Kosin University Gospel Hospital in Busan, Korea were investigated. The modified Hodge and EDTA-disk synergy tests were performed for screening of carbapenemase and metallo-β-lactamase-production. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined by the agar dilution method. For detection of IMP, VIM and OXA-type β-lactamases genes, polymerase chain reactions (PCR) were performed, and the DNA sequences of OXA-type β-lactamases genes were determined by using the dideoxy-chain termination method. The isoelectric points of β-lactamases were determined by isoelectric focusing. Pulsed-field gel electrophresis (PFGE) of the SmaI-digested genomic DNA was performed. Results : A total of 193 strains of A. baumanniiwere collected from patients during the surveillance period. Twenty-seven percents (52/193) of A. baumannii isolates were resistant to imipenem. Among the 52 imipenem-resistant isolates, 41 isolates (78.8%) showed positive results in the modified Hodge test, but none of the isolates showed positive results in the EDTA-disk synergy test. Thirty-eight modified Hodge test-positive isolates harbored blaOXA-23 gene, but none of the isolates harbored IMP- or VIM-type metallo-β-lactamases genes. Analytical isoelectric focusing revealed that all the 38 isolates had a nitrocefin-positive band at pI of 6.65. Thirty-five OXA-23-producing isolates
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yong, Dong Eun(용동은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1225-8477
Lee, Kyungwon(이경원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3788-2134
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