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Molecular analysis of PinX1 in human hepatocellular carcinoma

 Bong-Kyeong Oh  ;  Kwang Jo Chae  ;  Young Nyun Park  ;  Chanil Park 
 ONCOLOGY REPORTS, Vol.12(4) : 861-866, 2004 
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Adult ; Aged ; Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics* ; Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism ; Female ; Hepatitis B/genetics ; Hepatitis B/metabolism ; Hepatitis B/virology ; Hepatitis, Chronic/genetics ; Hepatitis, Chronic/metabolism ; Hepatitis, Chronic/virology ; Humans ; Liver/metabolism ; Liver Cirrhosis/genetics ; Liver Cirrhosis/metabolism ; Liver Cirrhosis/virology ; Liver Neoplasms/genetics* ; Liver Neoplasms/metabolism ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Mutation, Missense/genetics ; RNA, Messenger/genetics ; RNA, Messenger/metabolism ; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Telomerase/antagonists & inhibitors* ; Telomerase/metabolism ; Telomere/genetics ; Telomere/metabolism ; Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics* ; Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
PinXl ; telomere ; telomerase ; hepatocellular carcinoma
PinX1 is located at 8p23, a region with frequent loss of heterozygosity in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). Overexpression of PinX1 is known to inhibit telomerase activity, shorten telomeres and induce crisis while its depletion increases tumorigenesis in nude mice. These results suggest that PinX1 might be critical for hepatocarcinogenesis. In this study, we assessed transcript expression of PinX1, the correlation between PinX1 mRNA level and telomere length and telomerase activity, as well as sequence alteration, in 24 HCCs and their adjacent non-HCC tissues from patients with B viral chronic hepatitis/cirrhosis. There was no significant difference between the levels of PinX1 mRNA in HCCs and those in non-HCCs. The PinX1 mRNA tended to increase as the telomere shortened in the HCCs (p=0.067, R2=0.166), but no correlation was found in non-HCCs. The PinX1 level revealed no significant relationship with telomerase activity in HCCs and non-HCCs. The missense mutations of PinX1, at the 254 and 265 residues, were found in 17% of the HCCs and their adjacent non-HCCs. The mutations were located in the non-conserved region and revealed no relation with PinX1 expression, telomere length and telomerase activity, suggesting that they are likely polymorphisms. Our findings suggest that PinX1 may not play a major role in hepatocarcinogenesis as a target tumor suppressor gene. PinX1, however, might be involved in the telomere length regulation of HCCs.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Research Institute (부설연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Young Nyun(박영년) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0357-7967
Park, Chan Il(박찬일)
Oh, Bong Kyeong(오봉경)
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