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Symptom experience, psychological distress, and quality of life in Korean patients with liver cirrhosis: A cross-sectional survey

Authors
 Soo Hyun Kim  ;  Eui Geum Oh  ;  Won Hee Lee 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING STUDIES, Vol.43(8) : 1047-1056, 2006 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING STUDIES 
ISSN
 0020-7489 
Issue Date
2006
MeSH
Adaptation, Psychological ; Adult ; Analysis of Variance ; Attitude to Health/ethnology* ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Edema/etiology ; Fatigue/etiology ; Female ; Hospitals, University ; Humans ; Korea ; Liver Cirrhosis/complications ; Liver Cirrhosis/ethnology* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Muscle Cramp/etiology ; Nursing Methodology Research ; Pruritus/etiology ; Quality of Life/psychology* ; Regression Analysis ; Severity of Illness Index ; Sickness Impact Profile ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Stress, Psychological/diagnosis ; Stress, Psychological/etiology ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
Liver cirrhosis ; Psychological distress ; Quality of life ; Symptom
Abstract
BACKGROUND: In patients with cirrhosis, quality of life (QOL) is seriously impaired and associated with particular symptoms such as fatigue, muscle cramps or pruritus. However, there is lack of evidence about the overall symptom experience in patients with cirrhosis, in addition, most studies on QOL have focused only on identifying the relationship between disease-related variables such as disease severity, etiology or serological markers and QOL. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe symptom experience, psychological distress, and QOL in Korean patients with liver cirrhosis, and to identify the factors that predict their quality of life. DESIGN: This study is a cross-sectional, descriptive design. SETTINGS: The participants were recruited over a 2-month period, September 27 to November 25, 2003 from the outpatient or inpatient departments of gastroenterology at two large university hospitals in Seoul, Korea. PARTICIPANTS: There were 129 patients, mean age was 53.6 years, who met eligibility criteria and agreed to participate in the study. METHODS: Symptom experience was measured with a scale developed by the researchers through a literature review on liver cirrhosis. Psychological distress was measured with the anxiety/depression category from the modified Korean version of the profile of mood states (POMS) [Shin, 1996. A study on verification of the profile of mood states (POMS) for Korean elders. Journal of Korean Academic Nursing 26, 743-758], and QOL was measured with quality of life index (QLI) developed by Ferrans and Powers [1985, Quality of life index: development and psychometric properties. Advances in Nursing Science 8, 15-24. ]. RESULTS: The results indicated that (1) overall symptom experience score was relatively low, major symptoms needing a management were fatigue, ascites and/or edema, and muscle cramps; (2) the mean score of psychological distress revealed mild to moderate levels of anxiety and depression; (3) quality of life was found to be seriously impaired; (4) psychological distress, employment status, and symptom experience were significant predictors of QOL, and explained 29.8% of the total variance. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that symptom management, which includes attention to associated psychological intervention, is imperative for improvement in the QOL in Korean patients with liver cirrhosis.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020748905002221
DOI
10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2005.11.012
Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Oh, Eui Geum(오의금) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6941-0708
Lee, Won Hee(이원희)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/109830
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