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Genetic Association of the ACE Gene Polymorphisms with Essential Hypertension in Korean Females

Authors
 Dong-Jik Shin  ;  Yoonsun Bae  ;  Jihye Han  ;  Chanmi Park  ;  Sungha Park  ;  Hyun-Joon Shin  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Ki-Chul Hwang  ;  Ji Hyung Chung  ;  Sungjoo Kim  ;  Yangsoo Jang 
Citation
 TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE, Vol.3(3) : 319-326, 2006 
Journal Title
 TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE 
ISSN
 1738-2696 
Issue Date
2006
Keywords
Angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene ; essential hypertension ; polymorphism ; haplotype ; Koreans
Abstract
The renin-angiotensin system(RAS) genes have been extensively studied as etiologic essential hypertension( EH) candidate genes in human populations worldwide. The angiotensin I-converting enzyme(ACE) plays a key role in the RAS for the regulation of blood pressure. Recent studies on the association of ACE gene polymorphisms with EH and the related cardiovascular diseases presented conflicting results. Therefore, we investigated the association of three polymorphisms(I/D, G14480C and A22982G) in the ACE gene with EH in Koreans. We studied a sample population of 699 Koreans, comprising of 471 controls and 228 cases with EH, which were recruited from Cardiovascular Genome Center in Korea. The ACE gene polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction and SNP-IT assay. The allele frequency of G14480C polymorphism showed significant difference between normotensives and hypertensives in female group(P=0.0353). After adjustment for age and BMI, logistic regression analysis indicated that the odds ratio(OR) of the ACE I carriers(II+ID) for a risk of EH over the DD genotype was 1.698(95% CI, 1.006-2.864, P=0.0458), and OR for the comparison of 14480 GG subjects versus GC and CC subjects combined was for EH 1.787(95% CI, 1.076-2.967, P=0.0236) in females. In haplotype analysis, major three haplotypes(ICA, IGG, and DGG) were significantly associated with EH in study populations. We conclude that ACE polymorphisms appeared to have apparent association with EH in Koreans, who have a more homogeneous genetic structure than any other ethnic groups.
Full Text
http://kiss.kstudy.com/journal/thesis_name.asp?tname=kiss2002&key=3118783
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Research Center for Human Natural Defense System (생체방어연구센터) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Sung Ha(박성하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5362-478X
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hwang, Ki Chul(황기철)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/109825
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