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일부 미적용 다중이용시설의 실내 공기 중 알데히드류 및 휘발성유기화합물 노출로 인한 건강위해성 평가

Other Titles
 Health Risk Assessment of Occupants in the Small-Scale Public Facilites for Aldehydes and VOCs 
Authors
 양지연  ;  김호현  ;  신동천  ;  김윤신  ;  손종렬  ;  임준환  ;  임영욱 
Citation
 Journal of the Environmental Sciences (한국환경과학회지), Vol.17(1) : 45-56, 2008 
Journal Title
 Journal of the Environmental Sciences  (한국환경과학회지) 
ISSN
 1225-4517 
Issue Date
2008
Abstract
This study was to assess the lifetime cancer and non-cancer risk of exposure of worker and user at public facilities in Korea to volatile organic compounds (VOCs). We measured the concentrations of two aldehydes and five VOCs in indoor air at 424 public buildings that 8 kinds of public facilities (70 movie theaters, 86 offices, 86 restaurants, 70 academies, 22 auditoriums, 30 PC-rooms, 30 singing-rooms and 30 bars) all over the country. There were estimated the human exposure dose and risks with averages of the using-time and frequency for facility users and office workers, respectively. Carcinogens (formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and benzene) were estimated the lifetime excess cancer risks (ECRs). non-carcinogens (toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, and styrene) were estimated the hazard quotients (HQs). The average ECRs of formaldehyde and benzene for facility worker and user were 1×10-³~1×10-⁴ and 1×10-⁴~1×10-5 level, respectively, in all facilities. HQs of four non-carcinogens did not exceed 1.0 for all subjects in all facilities. The estimated ECRs for restaurant and auditorium were the highest, and the PC-room and bar were the next higher facilities. Furthermore, people in a smoking facility had the highest cancer risk. Higher ECRs of formaldehyde and benzene were observed in indoor smoking facilities such as restaurant and auditorium. Higher HQs of toluene and xylene were observed at the restaurant and office building.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Institute for Environmental Research (환경공해연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김호현(Kim, Ho Hyen)
신동천(Shin, Dong Chun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4252-2280
양지연(Yang, Ji Yeon)
임영욱(Lim, Young Wook) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8845-2850
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/107446
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