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The combination of capecitabine and irinotecan in treating 5-Fluorouracil- and Oxaliplatin-pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer

 Sang Joon Shin  ;  Joong Bae Ahn  ;  Hye Jin Choi  ;  Byoung Chul Cho  ;  Hei-Cheul Jeung  ;  Sun Young Rha  ;  Hyun Cheol Chung  ;  Jae Kyung Roh 
 Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology, Vol.61(1) : 75-81, 2008 
Journal Title
 Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 
Issue Date
Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy* ; Adult ; Aged ; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects ; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use* ; Camptothecin/administration & dosage ; Camptothecin/analogs & derivatives ; Capecitabine ; Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy* ; Deoxycytidine/administration & dosage ; Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives ; Disease Progression ; Female ; Fluorouracil/administration & dosage ; Fluorouracil/analogs & derivatives ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neoplasm Metastasis ; Organoplatinum Compounds/administration & dosage ; Salvage Therapy ; Survival Rate ; Treatment Outcome
Capecitabine ; Irinotecan ; Metastatic colorectal cancer ; Second-line chemotherapy
PURPOSE: Since the combination of capecitabine and irinotecan has successfully been used as a first-line treatment in metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC), we expected promising results when given as a second-line treatment to metastatic colorectal patients who had been pretreated with 5-Fluorouracil and Oxaliplatin. METHODS: Thirty-three MCRC patients participated in this study and received an oral dose of 1,000 mg/m(2 )capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14 and a dose of 100 mg/m(2) irinotecan infused over 90 min on days 1 and 8, every 3 weeks. RESULTS: The overall response rate in intent-to-treat was 33.3% (95% CI, 21.5-58.3%), including one complete response (3.0%) and ten partial responses (30.3%); 12 patients (36.4%) had disease stabilization and only 9 (27.3%) progressed. The median time to progression was 6.7 months (95% CI, 4.8-8.6 months). After a median follow-up time of 12 months, nine patients (27.3%) were still alive with metastatic disease. The median response duration for all patients was 6.7 months (95% CI, 3.9-9.5 months) and the median overall survival was 13.4 months (95% CI, 11.0-15.8 months) with a 1-year survival rate of 55.4%. Myelosuppression was commonly observed; NCI-CTC (v 2.0) grade 3/4 neutropenia, however, occurred in eight (24%) patients and grade 3 anemia was seen in one patient (3%). The most common (grade 3/4) non-hematological toxicity was diarrhea (15%) and the other severe grade 3/4 toxicities included nausea/vomiting in one patient (3%), stomatitis in one patient (3%), hand-foot syndrome in one patient (3%). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of capecitabine and irinotecan is an effective and well-tolerated regimen for second-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. However, further phase III trials are required to clarify its use in the treatment of metastastic colorectal cancer patients who have been pretreated with 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Roh, Jae Kyung(노재경)
Rha, Sun Young(라선영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2512-4531
Shin, Sang Joon(신상준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5350-7241
Ahn, Joong Bae(안중배) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6787-1503
Chung, Hyun Cheol(정현철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0920-9471
Jeung, Hei Cheul(정희철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0952-3679
Cho, Byoung Chul(조병철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5562-270X
Choi, Hye Jin(최혜진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5917-1400
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